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Argun River (Asia)

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Title: Argun River (Asia)  
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Subject: Amur River, History of Sino-Russian relations, China–Russia border, Amur Acquisition, List of rivers of China
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Argun River (Asia)

Ergune (
Ergune bira
Taken from Shiwei, China.
Russia is on the opposite side.
Name origin: Mongolian: ergene, "contrarotation"
Countries China, Russia
Russian Krai Zabaykalsky Krai
Chinese Region Inner Mongolia
Source Kherlen River
 - location about 195 kilometres (121 mi) from Ulaanbaatar
 - elevation 1,961 m (6,434 ft)
 - coordinates
Mouth Amur river
Length 1,620 km (1,007 mi)
Basin 164,000 km2 (63,321 sq mi)
 - average 340 m3/s (12,007 cu ft/s)
Argun River (Asia)
Chinese name
Chinese 额尔古纳河
Mongolian name
Mongolian Ergüne gol
Эргүнэ мөрөн
Ergüne mörön
Manchu name
Manchu script
Romanization Ergune bira
Russian name
Russian Аргу́нь

Ergune or Argun (Mongolian: Эргүнэ мөрөн, Ergüne mörön; Manchu: Ergune bira; Chinese: 额尔古纳河; pinyin: É'ěrgǔnà Hé; Russian: Аргу́нь) is the river which is a part of the RussiaChina border. Its upper reaches are known as Hailar River (Chinese: 海拉尔河; pinyin: Hăilā'ěr Hé) in China. Its length is 1,621 kilometres (1,007 mi). The Ergune marks the border (established by the Treaty of Nerchinsk in 1689) between Russia and China for about 944 kilometres (587 mi), until it meets the Amur River. The name derives from Buryat Urgengol 'wide river' (urgen 'wide' + gol 'river').[1]

The river flows from the Western slope of the Greater Khingan Range in Inner Mongolia. Its confluence with Shilka River at Ust-Strelka forms the Amur River.


Argun River in the Amur basin

In years with high precipitation, the normally exitless Hulun Lake may overflow at its northern shore, and the water will meet the Ergune after about 30 kilometres (19 mi). The Kherlen–Ergune–Amur system has a total length of 5,052 kilometres (3,139 mi).

In The Secret History of the Mongols

In Onon River.


  1. ^ Pospelov, E.M. (1998). Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira. Moscow: Russkie slovari. p. 42. 

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