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Kawabata Ryushi

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Kawabata Ryushi

Kawabata Ryūshi
川端龍子
180px
Kawabata Ryūshi
Birth name Kawabata Shotarō
Born (1885-06-06)June 6, 1885
Wakayama, Wakayama, Japan
Died April 10, 1966(1966-04-10) (aged 80)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Field Painter
Movement Nihonga
Works Aizen, 1934
Awards Order of Culture

Kawabata Ryūshi (川端 龍子?, June 6, 1885 - April 10, 1966) was the pseudonym of a Japanese painter in the Nihonga style, active during the Taishō and Shōwa eras. His real name was Kawabata Shotarō.

Ryūshi was born in Wakayama city in Wakayama prefecture. He moved to Tokyo in 1895. Initially interested in literature, he studied under the poet Kawabata Hoja, who introduced him to the Hototogisu artistic circle. He then became interested in painting instead, and studied Yōga painting techniques as an apprentice in the studios of the Hakubakai. When he was 18, he entered a Yomiuri Shimbun illustration contest, from which his work was selected. He continued working on newspaper illustrations to earn a living as he studied oil painting. In 1913, he traveled to the United States to study western-style painting techniques in more depth, but was so impressed with the Japanese art that he saw during a visit to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts that he switched to the Nihonga genre on his return to Japan in 1914, displaying at the Inten Exhibition in 1915. He left Inten in 1928 in protest of its increasing rigid rules, and established his own Nihonga art circle, the Seiryusha in 1928. The Seiryusha held an exhibition on competition to the Inten twice a year from 1929 to 1965 in Tokyo. In addition, Ryūshi usually held a personal exhibition in Osaka once per year.

Ryūshi was a major advocate of Art for the Exhibition Place (会場芸術 kaijo geijutsu?), which emphasized the public nature of art. His works therefore tended to be on a huge scale, and were intended for public display in large areas.

After World War II, together with Yokoyama Taikan and Kawai Gyokudō, he came to be regarded as one the "Three Big Figures" in the field of Nihonga painting.

In 1950, after the death of his wife and son, he went on a pilgrimage of the 88 holy places in Shikoku, taking a total of six years to make the circuit, and sketching extensively along the way. In 1959, he was awarded the Order of Culture by the Japanese government.

In 1963, shortly before his death, his house in Ōta, Tokyo was transformed into the Kawabata Ryushi Memorial Museum. It was donated to the city of Tokyo by his heirs in 1990, and contains most of his larger works.

Philately

One of Ryūshi's works was selected as the subject of a commemorative postage stamp by the Japanese government:

  • 1979: Aizen ("Passion"), commemorating the 61st Inter-Parliamentary Conference

External links

  • Bio and photos of works
  • Ryushi Memorial Museum official site (Japanese)

References

  • Conant, Ellen P., Rimer, J. Thomas, Owyoung, Stephen. Nihonga: Transcending the Past: Japanese-Style Painting, 1868-1968. Weatherhill (1996). ISBN 0-8348-0363-1
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