World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Project Devil

Article Id: WHEBN0023616000
Reproduction Date:

Title: Project Devil  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Project Indigo, Project Valiant, Prahaar (missile), DRDO Netra, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Collection: Ballistic Missiles of India, Surface-to-Air Missiles of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Project Devil

Project Devil was one of two early liquid-fueled missile projects developed by India, along with Project Valiant, in the 1970s. The goal of Project Devil was to produce a short-range surface-to-air missile. Although discontinued in 1980 without achieving full success, Project Devil, led to the later development of the Prithvi missile in the 1980s.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Background

External images
Project Devil
Devil SAM

Both projects were overseen by the Defense Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) of India, which had begun in 1958 with a specialization in anti-tank missiles but expanded in subsequent years.[1] Project Devil was intended to be a short-range surface-to-air missile utilizing 3-ton engines.[2] The model for Project Devil was the SA-2 Guideline, a Soviet Union missile which the DRDL intended to reverse engineer.[3]

Project Devil was officially launched under V.S. Narayanan, who became director of the DRDL in January 1972.[4] In June 1972, DRDL received 160 million rupees to fund both Project Devil and Project Valiant, though it came with a veil of secrecy; the Union Cabinet had publicly declined the funding request, but Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had granted it secretly through her discretionary powers.[4] In turn, DRDL took pains to disguise the purpose of the funds so that their real work would not be immediately apparent. Project Devil specifically was given a budget of 50 million rupees to use within a three-year period. DLDR spent nearly half of the budget on importing equipment and supplies; it also subcontracted some of its labor, hiring the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Bharat Heavy Plates & Vessels Limited to cast a 350 kg magnesium liquid-fuel engine frame and a solid-booster rocket respectively. DRDL also began to expand rapidly, increasing its workforce from 400 to 2,500 people in a two-year period in an effort to meet staffing needs of both the projects.[4]

However, internal disputes soon disrupted the DRDL, as the leader of the Valiant project believed Narayanan was disproportionately invested in Project Devil, and external interest in both programs waned, particularly as the SA-2 model for the Devil project had not performed well in combat.[4] In 1974, Project Valiant was terminated and Devil re-conceived as a project to gather information on technology rather than an effort to produce an actual missile.[4] In January 1975, the solid rocket boosters with high-strength steel casings and a specific impulse of 200 seconds, and a second stage three-ton liquid-propellant engine fueled by G-fuel (a combination of Xylidiene and Tri-ethylamine), oxidized by red fuming nitric acid.[1][4] Narayanan, who disagreed with the decision, resigned his post at DRDL and was replaced by S. L. Bansal.[5] Devil components were subsequently modified and utilized as components in other systems.

According to a 2006 article by Praful Bidwai in The Daily Star, Project Valiant "totally failed", while its sister project was a partial success.[6] Though neither reached fruition, the projects were important precursors to the Prithvi missile developed in the 1980s.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies,  
  2. ^ Dittmer, Lowell (2005). South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan, and China. M.E. Sharpe. p. 54.  
  3. ^ Khan, M. Shamsur Rabb (8 March 2008). "Sagarika: A Feather in India's Defense Hat".  
  4. ^ a b c d e f James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies,  
  5. ^ James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies,  
  6. ^ Bidwai, Praful (July 17, 2006). "After the Agni-III crash".  
  7. ^ "Defence Forces of India (Part III)".  

External links

  • [1]
  • [2]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.