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Administrative units of Pakistan

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Administrative units of Pakistan

Administrative units of Pakistan
پاکستان کی انتظامی اکائیاں(Urdu)
Also known as:
Muhafazah
Category Federated state
Location Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Number 4 provinces
1 Federal Capital Territory
1 Autonomous Territories
1 Disputed Territory
1 Federally administred tribal Area
Populations 1,151,868 (Islamabad Capital Territory) – 101,000,000 (Punjab)
Areas 906.0 km2 (349.81 sq mi) (Islamabad Capital Territory) - 347,200 km2 (134,050 sq mi) (Balochistan)
Government Provincial government, Federally Administred Tribal government
Subdivisions District, Agency
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan
Constitution

The administrative units of Pakistan consist of four provinces, one federal capital territory, two autonomous and disputed territories, and a group of federally administered tribal areas. Below this top tier, there are three more tiers of government, including 149 districts (zillahs), 588 sub-districts (tehsils), and several thousand union councils.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Structure of administrative units 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The administrative units as of 2010 derived from the administrative units inherited from British India. From independence in 1947 to 1971, Pakistan comprised two "wings" separated by 1600 kilometres of Indian territory:

In 1948 the area around Karachi was separated from Sind province to form the Federal Capital Territory. In 1950, NWFP was expanded to include the small states of Amb and Phulra and the name of West Punjab was changed to Punjab. The four princely states of southwest Pakistan formed the Baluchistan States Union in 1952.

The One Unit policy was enforced in 1955, whereby the all the provinces and princely states of the western wing were merged to form the new single province of West Pakistan, with Lahore as the provincial capital. Simultaneously, East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan, with Dhaka as the provincial capital. In 1960 the federal capital moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and, later, to Islamabad (when construction finished in 1966). In 1961 the Federal Capital Territory was merged into West Pakistan.

The One Unit policy aimed to reduce expenditure and to eliminate provincial prejudices, but the military coup of 1958 signaled difficulties when the first military President, Ayub Khan, abolished the office of Chief Minister of West Pakistan in favour of Governor's rule. The second military President, Yahya Khan, dissolved West Pakistan in 1970 and established four new provinces were created. East Pakistan became independent in December 1971 as the new country of Bangladesh. In 1974 the two last princely states (Hunza and Nagar) were abolished and their territory merged with the Gilgit Agency to form the Northern Areas (now known as Gilgit–Baltistan). The Federally Administered Tribal Areas were formed from parts of Hazara, districts of Peshawar, and Dera Ismail Khan in 1975. The status of the Islamabad area was changed to a capital territory in 1981. As of 2015 Gilgit-Baltistan is now a de facto province. North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) was renamed "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa" in 2010.[2]

In August 2000, the "divisions" were abolished as part of a plan to restructure local government, followed by elections in 2001. Many of the functions previously handled by the provinces have been transferred to the districts and to tehsils. In 2008 the new civilian government restored the former tier of divisions and appointed commissioners for each one.

Structure of administrative units

Pakistan's administrative units are as follows:
Abbreviation Administrative unit Local name Capital Population
(2012)[3]
Area
(km²)[4]
Density
(per km²)
Map
AJK Azad Jammu & Kashmir آزاد کشمیر Muzaffarabad 2,972,501 13,297 223.55
BL Balochistan بلوچستان Quetta 13,162,222 347,190 37.91
FATA Federally Administered Tribal Areas وفاقی قبائلی علاقہ جات Peshawar 3,930,419 27,220 144.39
GB Gilgit-Baltistan گلگت بلتستان Gilgit 1,441,523 72,971 19.75
ICT Islamabad Capital Territory وفاقی دارالحکومت Islamabad 1,151,868 906 1,271.38
KP Khyber Pakhtunkhwa خیبرپختونخوا Peshawar 26,896,829 74,521 360.93
PJ Punjab پنجاب Lahore 91,379,615 205,344 445.01
SN Sindh سنڌ or سندھ Karachi 55,245,497 140,914 392.05
Pakistan پاکستان Islamabad 197,361,691 782,363 223.79

The provinces are sub-divided into 105 districts called zillahs (Urdu: ضلع‎). Zillahs are further subdivided into sub-districts called tehsils (تحصیل) (roughly equivalent to counties). The term tehsil is used everywhere except in Sindh province, where the term taluka (تعلقہ) predominates. Tehsils may contain villages or municipalities. Pakistan has over five thousand local governments. Since 2001, these have been led by democratically elected local councils, each headed by a nazim (ناظم) ("supervisor" or "mayor"). Women have been allotted a minimum of 33% of the seats on these councils. Some districts, incorporating large metropolitan areas, are called "City Districts". A City District may contain subdivisions called Towns and Union Councils.

The diagram below outlines the six tiers of government in Pakistan, together with an example.


 
 
Federal government
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Province (e.g. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Division (e.g. Malakand Division)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
District (e.g. Malakand District)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tehsil/Town (e.g. Batkhela)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Union Council (e.g. Middle Batkhela)

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb. 2013. Nation, Province and Region. Anthropology Today 29(4): 27-28.
  3. ^
  4. ^

External links

  • Government of Balochistan
  • Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • Government of the Punjab
  • Government of the Sindh
  • Government of the Islamabad Capital Territory
  • Government of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
  • Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  • Government of Gilgit-Baltistan
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