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Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh

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Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh

Anantapur
అనంతపురం
City
Clock tower at Anantapur
Clock tower at Anantapur
Anantapur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Anantapur
Coordinates:
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Anantapur
Area[1]
 • City 47.50 km2 (18.34 sq mi)
Elevation 335 m (1,099 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 261,004
 • Density 5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 340,613
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515001
Telephone code +91–8554
Vehicle registration AP–02
Website Anantapur Municipal Corporation

Anantapur is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is one of the 13 municipal corporations in the state and also the headquarters of Anantapur mandal.[4] It lies on NH-7. It was the headquarters of the "Datta Mandalam" (Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh and Bellary district of Karnataka) in 1799 and Sir Thomas Munro was the first collector for ceded districts. It was also a position of strategic importance for the British Indian Army during the Second World War.[5]

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Climate 1.1
  • Demographics 2
  • Transportation 3
  • Tourist places 4
  • Education 5
  • Sports and entertainment 6
  • Notable personalities 7
  • Further reading 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Geography

Ananthapur is located at .[6] It has an average elevation of 335 metres (1099 feet).

Climate

Anantapur has a semi-arid climate, with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. Summers start in late February and peak in May with average high temperatures around the 37 °C (99 °F) range. Anantapur gets pre-monsoon showers starting as early as March, mainly through north-easterly winds blowing in from Kerala. Monsoon arrives in September and lasts until early November with about 250 mm (9.8 in) of precipitation. A dry and mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February; with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Total annual rainfall is about 22 in (560 mm).

Climate data for Ananthapur (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
39.4
(102.9)
41.8
(107.2)
43.2
(109.8)
44.1
(111.4)
43.1
(109.6)
38.1
(100.6)
38.9
(102)
37.9
(100.2)
37.8
(100)
36.8
(98.2)
33.8
(92.8)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
33.9
(93)
37.3
(99.1)
39.3
(102.7)
39.2
(102.6)
35.6
(96.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
33.9
(93)
Average low °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
19.8
(67.6)
22.6
(72.7)
26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
25.0
(77)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
22.6
(72.7)
20.3
(68.5)
18.0
(64.4)
22.5
(72.5)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
12.8
(55)
13.4
(56.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
19.3
(66.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50)
9.4
(48.9)
9.4
(48.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
0.8
(0.031)
5.1
(0.201)
16.7
(0.657)
42.7
(1.681)
53.5
(2.106)
56.7
(2.232)
77.9
(3.067)
136.7
(5.382)
106.9
(4.209)
41.4
(1.63)
9.2
(0.362)
549.0
(21.614)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.1 0.4 1.2 2.6 3.3 4.2 5.2 7.0 6.6 3.0 0.5 34.3
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[7][8]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Anantapur has a population of 262,340[2] (urban 341,895).[3] The sex ratio was 995 females per 1000 males and 9% of the population was under six years old.[9] Effective literacy is 82%, male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 75%. Telugu, Urdu,[10] Kannada and English are the predominant languages of this city.

Transportation

Sapatgiri Circle

Ananthapur City is very well connected to most major cities in India by the National Highways NH7 and NH 205. Ananthapur also has direct train connection to Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Dharmavaram,Hindupuram Adoni, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Pune, Vishakapatnam, etc. Puttaparthi which is 80 km south of Ananthapur is the nearest airport with scheduled air services while Bangalore, 168 km away (Devana Halli) has an international airport and is well connected to rest of India.

Tourist places

ISKCON temple, Ananthapur

Lepakshi Temple is renowned for its repository of mural paintings of the Vijayanagar Kings. Lepakshi consists of three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and "Virabhadra". The world‍ '​s largest Nandi stone sculpture (Lord Shiva's bull). Puttaparthi, Prasanthi Nilayam is the home of Sri Satya Sai Baba. Thimmamarri manu is a large Banyan tree spread over 8 acres (32,000 m2) of land near Kadiri. This tree was recorded as the biggest tree in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1989. Kadiri Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple famous for the idol sweating[11] Chintala Venkateswara Swamy Temple and Bugga Rama Lingheswara Swamy Temple, Shiva Temple in Tadipatri are known for their architecture.

Education

Anantapur is an important education centre with educational schools, colleges and universities namely Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Anantapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College, Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology etc.. are reputed colleges in Anantapur district.

Sports and entertainment

Anantapur has many sports facilities and has played host to Irani Cup in 1963–64 when Rest of India scored their lowest total of 83 against the then Ranji trophy winners Bombay, played at the Sanjeeva Reddy stadium. Several Ranji trophy matches and other regional tournaments for basketball, badminton, etc. have been hosted in Anantapur.

The Anantapur Sports Village (ASV), located alongside the National Highway 7. The Ananthapur Cricket Ground sits within a 40-acre (160,000 m2) complex which is managed by the Rural Development Trust (RDT).[12] In October 2010, Rafael Nadal opened the Rafael Nadal Tennis School in ASV, which hosts district, state and national-level tournaments, as well as laying equal emphasis on the children’s education and tennis training.[13][14]

Notable personalities

  • Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, former President of India and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Paidi Lakshmayya, first parliament member from Anantapur constituency, film actor, writer and lawyer.
  • Kadiri Venkata Reddy or K.V. Reddy, great Indian film director, writer, producer
  • Sathya Sai Baba, Hindu spiritual leader
  • Bellary Raghava, was an Indian playwright, thespian and film actor, known for his works predominantly in Telugu cinema
  • Kallur Subba Rao, Indian freedom activist and politician. He was also the first speaker of Andhra Assembly.
  • Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft, family hails from Anantapur

Further reading

  •  

See also

References

  1. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Municipal Development Project" (PDF). Municipal Development Project(MDP) Web Site of Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 2. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  3. ^ a b "Major Agglomerations". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 395, 435. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Home Page
  6. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantapur. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Anantapur Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000".  
  8. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved May 12, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  10. ^ URDU IN ANDHRA PRADESH. Language in India. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  11. ^ Index of /. Srikadirinarasimha.org. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  12. ^ The pride of Anantapur. sportstaronnet.com (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  13. ^ Rafa Nadal Foundation – Tennis. ATP World Tour. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  14. ^ Welcome to the 'Nadal Tennis School'. NDTV.com Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.

External links

  • Anatapur district
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