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Assam Police

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Title: Assam Police  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Law enforcement in India, Government of Assam, Chandigarh Police, Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police, Himachal Pradesh Police
Collection: Government of Assam, State Law Enforcement Agencies of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Assam Police

Assam Police
অসম আৰক্ষী
Common name Assam Police
Abbreviation AP
Motto "জনহিত জনসেৱাৰ্থে"
Agency overview
Formed 1826
Employees 61,310
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Assam, IN
Assam Police jurisdictional area
Size 78438 km2
Legal jurisdiction State of Assam
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed by Government of Assam
Headquarters Office of the Director General of Police, Ulubari, Guwahati - 781007
Agency executive Khagen Sarma, IPS [1], Director General of Police
Parent agency Home Department, Govt of Assam
Law enforcements Headquarters of Assam Police
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Assam Police is the law enforcement agency for the state of Assam in India.


  • Organizational structure 1
  • Branches 2
  • Battalion and Reserved Forces 3
  • Medals & Awards 4
  • Equipment and Vehicles 5
    • Vehicles 5.1
  • Controversies 6
  • References 7

Organizational structure

Assam Police comes under direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Assam. The Assam Police is headed by Director General of Police DGP Khagen Sharma. IPS (Present).

  • Assam Police forces are organized into Police Ranges, headed by an Inspector General of Police (IG) or Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) who control several Police Districts.
  • The Police District is the fulcrum of state police activity and each Police District of the state is headed by a Superintendent of Police (SP). In many states an SP is assisted by one or more additional SPs and DSPs. Generally a Police district is same as a revenue district of a state.
  • The Police District is divided into Police Sub-Divisions and will be under the command of a Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) or Subdivision Police Officer (SDPO).
  • The Police Sub-Division is made up of one or more Police Circles, and is under the command of an Inspector of Police, often referred to as the Circle Inspector (CI).
  • Under the Police Circles are the police stations, generally under the control of a Sub-Inspector (SI).

Assam state police force also maintains its own Reserve Armed police force,Special Armed Police and Armed Police) which is responsible for emergencies and crowd control issues. They are generally activated only on orders from the Rank of DIG and higher-level authorities. The armed constabulary do not usually come into contact with the general public unless they are assigned to VIP duty , Insurgency operation, Riot control or to maintain law and order during fairs, festivals, athletic events, elections, and natural disasters. They may also be sent to quell outbreaks of student or labour unrest, organised crime, and communal riots; to maintain key guard posts; and to participate in anti-terrorist operations. Depending on the type of assignment, the Armed Police force may carry only lathis or lethal weapons.

Assam Police also have an Elite Commando Group known as Black Panther equipped with Latest weapons and technology for Anti-Terrorist Operations & VVIP protection.


It is relevant to note that with the growth and development of the police administration in the post-colonial era, a number of new branches were established to meet the increasing demands of law and order and also of a peculiar situation obtained in the state, such as the large-scale infiltration of the foreign nationals from across the border causing a serious imbalance in the demographic structure of the state and threatening national security. Some of these branches are:

  1. Bureau of Investigation (Economic Offenses)
  2. Special Branch
  3. Criminal Investigation Dept.(C.I.D)
  4. Assam Police Border Organization
  5. Assam Police Radio Organization
  6. Assam River Police Organization
  7. Directorate of Forensic Science.Assam
  8. Village Defense Organization.
  9. Fire & Emergency Services, Assam
  10. Assam Police Highway Patrol Unit, ( to be Introduced) [2]

The Assam Police has grown from strength to strength during the last two decade. In 1980 it had a force of 40,290 and at the end of the 20th century its numerical strength stands at 60,721.[3]

Battalion and Reserved Forces


Assam Police Battalion personnels are engaged in the onerous task of helping the district police in maintaining Law and Order, besides guarding the vital installations round the clock , including Counter Insurgency, Riot control . They are also engaged in other static security duties.

1st APBN Headquartered at Sibsagar.

2nd APBN Headquartered at Makum Tinisukia.

3rd APBN Headquartered at Jorhat.

4th APBN Headquartered at Guwahati.

5th APBN Headquartered at NC Hills.

6th APBN Headquartered at Cachar.

7th APBN Headquartered at Kokrajhar.

8th APBN Headquartered at Bongaigaon.

9th APBN Headquartered at Nagaon.

10th APBN Headquartered at Guwahati.

11th APBN Headquartered at Dergaon Golaghat.

12th APBN Headquartered at Sonitpur.

13th APBN Headquartered at North Lakhimpur.

14th APBN Headquartered at Nalbari


The raising of CPMF can only meet the regular and increasing demand of the states. It was decided to augment the strengths of the state governments. It is in this context that I.R. Battalions were raised in Assam with the assistance of the central government. The central government however reserves the first right to call on these battalions as and when required for deployment outside the state. The personnel of the battalion are engaged in both operational as well as law and order duties.

  • 15th AP IRBN headquartered at Karimganj
  • 16th AP IRBN headquartered at Morigaon
  • 19th AP IRBN headquartered at Dibrugarh
  • 20th AP IRBN headquartered at Dhubri
  • 21st AP IRBN headquartered at Hailakandi
  • 22nd AP IRBN headquartered at Dhemaji
  • 23rd AP IRBN headquartered at Karbi Anglong
  • 24th AP IRBN headquartered at Baska

Task Force

APTF Battalion of Assam Police Task Force was raised as a special peace keeping force to especially tackle the instances of communal and group violence. The personnel of this force were posted in vulnerable areas and minority pockets, so that any sign of communal trouble could be quickly countered and prevented from flaring up into a major communal/group clash. This force has functioned effectively as an emergency task force.

1st APTF headquartered at Goalpara

2nd APTF headquartered at Nagaon

3rd APTF headquartered at Darrang

4th APTF headquartered at Barpeta

ONGC Battalion

25th AP (ONGC) IRBN with temporary Headquartered at Sibsagar for the security of ONGC drilling fields, Employees and ONGC related pickets. [4]

Medals & Awards

Officers of Assam Police got many awards and medals for their Outstanding & meritorious Service. Many officers and men of ASSAM POLICE,laid down their lives in the fight against EXTREMISM since 1986.

List of receivers for 2011 President's Police Medal for Gallantry:

  • Constable Nirmal Chandra Deka.(Posthumously)

Police Medal for gallantry on republic day 2011.

  • Pranab Kumar Gogoi Circle Inspector.
  • Utpal Borah.Sub-Inspector
  • Anurag Agarwal.SP
  • Prakash Sonowal.SDPO
  • Imdad Ali.SDPO
  • Mahananda Gauria.Constable
  • Ghanakanta Malakar.Constable
  • Hemkanta Boro.Constable
  • Ratneshwar Kalita.Constable

Equipment and Vehicles

All the equipment for the Assam Police are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.


Vehicles Used for General Duty purpose.


There are many allegations and court cases of police brutality, custodial death, human rights violations, fake encounter killing, extortion, filing fake cases to harass the general public, corruption filed against the Assam Police.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Assam Police - History
  4. ^
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