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Cenchrus biflorus

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Title: Cenchrus biflorus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Senegalese grasshopper, Sahel
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cenchrus biflorus

Cenchrus biflorus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cenchrus
Species: C. biflorus
Binomial name
Cenchrus biflorus

Cenchrus catharticus

Cenchrus biflorus is a species of annual grass in the Poaceae family. Common names include Indian sandbur, Bhurat or Bhurut in India, Haskaneet in Sudan, Aneeti in the Arabic dialect of Mauretania, K 'arangiya in the Hausa language of Nigeria, and Ngibbi in the Kanuri language of Nigeria.[1] In the francophone countries of the Sahel, it is usually referred to as "cram-cram".

It is common in the Sahel savannas of Africa, south of the Sahara.[2] According to a botanical criteria of geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of Cenchrus biflorus defines the southern boundary of the Sahara.[3][4]

It is also found in India, where the seeds are used in Rajasthan and its Marwar region to make bread, either alone or mixed with bajra (millet).[1]


A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known grain has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Famine foods: Poaceae or Gramineae" Purdue University Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture [1]. Accessed December 29, 2007.
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External links

  • Cenchrus biflorus in West African plants – A Photo Guide.

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