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Title: Conmaicne  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Connacht, Ireland, Irish people, Conmhaícne Mara, Cóiced Ol nEchmacht, Dunmore, County Galway, Bishop of Ardagh, Néide mac Onchú, Máenmaige
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Conmhaicne or Conmaicne were an ancient tribal grouping that were divided into a number of distinct branches that were found scattered around Ireland in the early medieval period. They settled in Connacht, where they gave their name to several territories.

They take their name from a mythical ancestor known as Conmac. Conmac was in turn said to be descended from Fergus mac Roich and Queen Maeve of Connacht.

The word Conmacne means "progeny of Conmac" (ne, a progeny). Conmac itself means "hound-son" (con, hound; mac, son).

Known branches were:

  • Conmaicne Mara (the Conmaicne of the sea) were located in what is now the extreme west of County Galway and gave their name to the territory they occupied i.e. Connemara, which is the anglicised form of Conmhaicne Mara.
  • An unnamed Conmaicne, located around the former parish of Kilconickny, Loughrea. Kilconickny means "church of the Conmaicne".
  • Conmaicne Críche Meic Erca, location apparently unknown.

The Diocese of Ardagh was established in 1111 as the see for east Connacht. At the Synod of Kells-Mellifont its area was reduced to the territory of the Conmaicne with the kingdom of Breifne forming a new Diocese of Kells.[1]

Notables descended from the Conmhaicne include Cruimthear Mac Carthaigh, Iarlaith of Tuam and some abbots of Clonmacnoise.

See also


  • Some Connacht Population-Groups, Nollaig Ó Muraíle, in Seanchas:Studies in Early and Medieval Archaeology, History and Literature in Honour of Francis John Byrne, pp. 176–76, Four Courts Press, Dublin, 2000
  • Medieval Ireland: Territorial, Political and Economic Divisions, Paul Mac Cotter, Four Courts Press, 2008, pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1-84682-098-4

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