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Home Guard (India)


Home Guard (India)

Indian Armed Forces
Triservices Crest
Triservices Crest.
Military Manpower
Active troops 1,325,000 (3rd)
Reserve forces 1,155,000 (7th)
Paramilitary forces
and CAPF
1,293,300 (4th)
Indian Army
Indian Air Force
Indian Navy
Indian Coast Guard
Paramilitary forces of India
Central Armed Police Forces
Strategic Nuclear Command
Military history of India
Air Force ranks and insignia
Army ranks and insignia
Naval ranks and insignia

The Indian Home Guard is an Indian paramilitary police force. It is a voluntary force, tasked as an auxiliary to the

  • Ministry of Home Affairs Home Guard page
  • Ministry of Home Affairs Directorate General of Civil Defense

External links

  1. CIVIL DEFENCE, Journal of the Civil Defence Services, Editor Col.Kr.D.S.Rawal, Vol 1, 1970 No. 1.
  2. India, Ary of Congress.
  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ a b


Personnel are recruited from various people to include doctors, lawyers, teachers, employees of public and private sector organisations, college and university students, agricultural and industrial workers and others who give their spare time to their communities. All 18 to 50-year-old citizens of India are eligible for membership and normally serve from three to five years each. Members are paid an allowance when called up for service. All members, after their first three-year term of service, are eligible to be trained by the police in the maintenance of law and order, crime prevention, anti-dacoit measures, border control, disaster relief, fire prevention and firefighting, election and social welfare activities.[2]


The Home Guard is equipped with and trained to use older weapons such as the .303 Lee–Enfield SMLE rifle, Sten and Bren guns which are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.


Central Civil Defence training centres were established in various states to impart training to both Civil Defence and Home Guards personnel. The training consists of individual as well as team training. After Independence the task of Civil Defence training was revived only after 1962.


[5] The total strength of Home Guards in the country is 573,793 against which the present raised strength is 486,401 Home Guards in 25

Strength and Organisation

Home Guards Demonstration-First aid.-1970
Home Guards Demonstration-Fire fighting-1970
Home Guards Demonstration-Fire tender operation.-1970
  • To serve as Auxiliary to the Police and generally help in maintaining internal security.
  • To help the community in any kind of Emergency—such as on Air-raid precautions or on any natural disaster.
  • To function as an Emergency Force intended for special tasks directly or indirectly connected with the defence of the country.
  • To maintain functional units to provide essential services such as motor transport, Engineering groups, Fire brigade, Nursing and First Aid, Operation of Power supply, Water installations and Communication systems etc.
  • The Border Wing of 18 battalions assists the Border Security Force in preventing infiltration on the international border/coastal areas, guarding of VA/VPs and lines of communication and vulnerable areas at the time of external aggression. The 18 battalions are deployed as follows:Assam (one bn), Gujarat (4 bns), Meghalaya (one bn), Punjab (6 bns), Rajasthan (4 bns), Tripura (one bn), and West Bengal (one bn).[5]
  • Marine Units function as an Indian Coast Guard auxiliary.
  • The Fire Wing assists the Indian Fire service.

The functions to be performed by Home Guards are listed below:


This Home Guard organisation is also active in Bengal, Rajasthan, Tamil-Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

. The policies of State Civil Defence Committee were based on the directives issued by Government of India. Civil Defence to Home Defence At this time the Home Defence was permitted to be brought to limelight by changing the [4] For example, the Home Guards Organisation in

. Ministry of Home Affairs, under the Home Guards Acts and Rules of States/Union Territories in accordance with the [4][3] The Home Guard was originally raised in the erstwhile



  • History 1
  • Functions 2
  • Strength and Organisation 3
  • Training 4
  • Equipment 5
  • Personnel 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


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