World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jagmohanlal Sinha

}|All WorldHeritage articles written in Indian English}} }}

Portrait of Justice Jagmohanlal Sinha

Jagmohanlal Sinha (12 May 1920 – 20 March 2008) was an Indian judge, who served in the Allahabad High Court. He is best known for his 1975 ruling in State of Uttar Pradesh v. Raj Narain case in which he invalidated the election of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The political upheavals that had followed his decision resulted in Gandhi declaring Emergency across the country on the grounds of "internal disturbance".

Raj Narain case

Jagmohanlal Sinha presided on the election petition Number Five filed by petitioner Raj Narain against Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India, in 1971. The petition challenged her election to the Lok Sabha in 1971 from the Rae Bareli parliamentary constituency in Uttar Pradesh, from where Narain had also contested.

The hearing of the case took more than four years. The case concluded on 23 May 1975 but the judgement was not announced immediately. It was pronounced that the judgement will be pronounced on 12 June 1975. 12 June 1975 witnessed courtroom No. 24 packed by lawyers, media and general public. Sinha read only the operative part of his judgement. The judgement in itself ran into 258 pages. Gandhi was declared guilty of corrupt practices and her election to the Lok Sabha was declared null and void. She was charged under Section 123(7) of the Representation of the People Act. She was also disqualified from contesting elections for six years.

Within 13 days of the judgement, Gandhi imposed Emergency on the nation. The ruling became the primary reason for the imposition of the emergency. Subsequently Gandhi used the opportunity to change the law which allowed her to rule by decree. She suspended freedom and liberties and brought Indian democracy to a halt. Consequently, in March 1977, Gandhi and her Congress party had to face a defeat and Congress was routed in the elections. This ended the uninterrupted rule of Congress over India.

External links

  • Profile at Allahabad High Court
  • "Justice Sinha, who set aside Indira Gandhi’s election, dies at 87", Expressindia at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 March 2012)
  • [1]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.