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Janata Morcha

The Janata Morcha ("People's Front") was a coalition of Congress (O) party.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Formation and election victory 2
  • Janata Party 3
  • References 4

History

For the Indian general election, 1971, the Congress (O), Samyukta Socialist Party and the Bharatiya Jana Sangh had formed a coalition called the "Grand Alliance" to oppose Indira Gandhi and the Congress (R), but failed to have an impact;[2] Indira's Congress (R) won a large majority in the 1971 elections and her popularity increased significantly after India's victory in the war of 1971 against Pakistan.[2] However, Gandhi's subsequent inability to address serious issues such as unemployment, poverty, inflation and shortages eroded her popularity.[2]

Formation and election victory

The Janata Morcha was formed by Jayaprakash Narayan and Morarji Desai as an alliance of political parties opposed to the Congress (R) and Indira Gandhi. The constituents included the Congress (O), Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Samyukta Socialist Party and the BLD. The Janata Morcha won a surprising victory in the elections held for the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) of the Indian state of Gujarat on June 11, 1975.[2][3] The next day, the Allahabad High Court judged Indira Gandhi guilty of electoral malpractices, invalidated her 1971 election victory and barred her from elective office for six years. This led Indira to impose a state of emergency on June 26, 1975.[1][2] Indira's government used the state of emergency to clamp down on opposition and dissolved the newly elected assembly, preventing the Morcha from forming the government and taking power.

Janata Party

During the emergency, the leaders and activists of the Janata Morcha were imprisoned. After the

  1. ^ a b c Kuldip Singh (1995-04-11). "OBITUARY: Morarji Desai".  
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Rise of Indira Gandhi".  
  3. ^ Katherine Frank (2002). Indira: The Life Of Indira Nehru Gandhi. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 371.  

References

[1]

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