World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Karnal district

Article Id: WHEBN0003368918
Reproduction Date:

Title: Karnal district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Peont, Haryana, Uncha Siwana, Karnal, Panipat district
Collection: Districts in India, Districts of Haryana, Haryana, Karnal District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Karnal district

Karnal district
करनाल जिला
ਕਰਨਾਲ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ
District of Haryana
Location of Karnal district in Haryana
Location of Karnal district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Administrative division Rohtak
Headquarters Karnal
Tehsils 1. Karnal, 2. Nilokheri, 3. Indri, 4. Gharaunda, 5. Assandh
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Karnal (shared with Panipat district)
 • Assembly seats 5
 • Total 1,967 km2 (759 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,274,183
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 26.51%
 • Literacy 67.74%
Website Official website

Karnal district (Hindi: करनाल जिला; Punjabi: ਕਰਨਾਲ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. Karnal town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Other major towns in this district are Assandh, Gharaunda, Nissing, Nilokheri, Indri and Jundla. This district is part of Rohtak Division.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Divisions 3
  • Demographics 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Karnal district was one of the districts of Punjab state. It became one of the seven districts of Haryana state at the time of its inception on 1 November 1966. Later Kurukshetra district was separated from it on 23 January 1973, Kaithal district was separated from it on 1 November 1989. Panipat district was merged with it on 24 July 1991 but again separated from this district on 1 January 1992.

The origin of "Karnal" is Karnalaya, which means home of Karna. Karna is the popular character of Mahabharata.


Karnal district lies on the western bank of the river Yamuna, which forms its eastern boundary and separates Haryana from Uttar Pradesh. Karnal District, including Panipat, lies between 29 09' 50" and 29 50' North and 76 31' 15" and 77 12' 45" East; its height above sea level is around 240 meters. The district has an area of 1,967 km² and its population is 1,274,183 (2001 census). Karnal District is bordered by Kurukshetra District on its north-west, Jind & Kaithal Districts on its west, Panipat District on its south and Uttar Pradesh state on the east.

The district is a part of the Indus-Ganges plain and has a well-spread network of western Yamuna canals. Its geographical area has been divided into three agroclimatic regions: Khadar, Bangar and Nardak belt. Khadar starts from the Indri-Karnal road one mile away from Karnal covering the area between the Yamuna river and National Highway 1 up to Patti-Kalyana village. Bangar area starts from west of Khadar area covering Gharaunda development block. The Nardak area lies in Nissing, Nilokheri and Assandh development block. However, its water is saline and not fit for irrigation.


Karnal district is divided into three sub-divisions: Karnal, Indri and Assandh. Karnal sub-division is divided into 3 tehsils: Karnal, Nilokheri and Gharaunda and 2 sub-tehsils: Nissing and Nigdu. Indri sub-division comprises a lone tehsil, Indri. Assandh sub-division comprises a lone tehsil, Assandh and a lone sub-tehsil, Ballah.


According to the 2011 census Karnal district has a population of 1,506,323,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[2] or the US state of Hawaii.[3] This gives it a ranking of 333rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,550/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.22%.[1] Karnal has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 76.4%.[1] Hindi & Punjabi are major languages.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301 

External links

  • Karnal district website

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.