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Kendujhargarh

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Kendujhargarh

This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Kendujhar district.
Kendujhar
city

Location in Odisha, India

Coordinates: 21°38′N 85°35′E / 21.63°N 85.58°E / 21.63; 85.58Coordinates: 21°38′N 85°35′E / 21.63°N 85.58°E / 21.63; 85.58

Country  India
State Odisha
District Kendujhar
Elevation 596 m (1,955 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 51,832
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 758001
Website

Kendujhar is a city and a municipality in Kendujhar District in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kendujhar district.

Geography

Keonjhar is a land locked district with an area of 8240 km2. It is situated in the northern part of Odisha. It is surrounded by Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in the North, Jajpur in the South, Dhenkanal and Sundargarh in the West and Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak in the East. It lies between 21°1'N and 22°10'N latitudes, between 85°11'E and 86°22'E longitude and at 480 meter altitude.Baitrani river originate from keonjhar plateau

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[1] Kendujhar had a population of 15,61,990. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kendujhar has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 67%. In Kendujhar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Following the integration of the feudatory states with Odisha on 1 January 1948 the erstwhile princely state of Keonjhar emerged as one of its districts with its head-quarters at Keonjhargarh and since then it is continuing as such. The whole district of Keonjhar was a princely state before its merger with Odisha. The early history of the State is not adequately known. It was most probably a part of the old Khijjinga territory with headquarters at Khijjinga Kota, identified with modern Khiching. It became a separate state with Jyoti Bhanja as its ruling chief in the first half of the 12th century A.D. The then State of Keonjhar comprised only the northern half of the modern district for a long time prior to the installation of Jyoti Bhanja as King. During the latter part of the 15th century the southern half was occupied by King Govinda Bhanja under whose rule Keonjhar was extended from Singbhum in the north to Sukinda(a Zamindari in Cuttack district) in the South and from Mayurbhanj in the East to the borders of the States of Bonai, Pallahara and Anugul in the West. During the rule of Pratap Balabhadra Bhanja (1764-1792 A.D.) two small areas of Tillo and Jujhpada were purchased from the Zamindar of Kantajhari and were added to the State. These were recognised as parts of Keonjhar in the Sanad granted by the East India Company to Raja Janardan Bhanj in 1804. Since then there had been no territorial changes of the State till its merger with the Province of Odisha. But after merger largely for the reasons of administrative expediency the areas of Tillo (7.51 km2) and Jujhpada (9.06sq.km.) were transferred to the districts of Baleshwar and Cuttack respectively, while a number of villages called Ambo group (14.84 km2.) of Balasore district were added to Keonjhar district.

Education

Colleges in Keonjhar include:

  • Dharanidhar Autonomous College
  • Dharanidhar Junior College
  • Anandapur College
  • Government Women's College
  • Orissa School of Mining Engineering (OSME), under Biju Patnaik University of Technology
  • Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar
  • Keonjhar School of Engineering (KSE)
  • Keonjhar Law College
  • Kushaleswar Anchalika Mahavidyalaya
  • Raisuan Mahavidyalaya
  • M.K.Gandhi College, Fulkanlei

The schools in Keonjhar include:

  • Saraswati Shisu Bidya Mandir,keonjhar
  • Dhanurjaya Narayana (DN) High School
  • Ekalavya Model Residencial School.
  • Narasingh Swain(NS) Police High School.
  • Green Field School
  • Nirmala convent School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Govt Girls High School
  • Police Line High School
  • Sri Aurobindo Institute of Integral Education.
  • Tarimul High School
  • Kushaleswar High School
  • Janamangal High School, Keshadurapal, Keonjhar
  • Aum Maa Saraswati Bidyapitha, Ganpur, Angarua, Keonjhar
  • Raisuan High School,Raisuan,kendujhar
  • raisuan girls high school
  • Fulkanlei High school, Fulkanlei
  • Jyotipur High school, Jyotipur
  • M.K.Gandhi High school, Sadangi
  • Dream Land Public School, Padmapur
  • G.P.High school,Raikala
  • Chhamunda G.P.High School,Chhamunda
  • Brahmeswar High School,Khuntapada
  • Kodagadia High School Kodagadia

Politics

Er. Subarna Naik of BJD is the current MLA from Keonjhar assembly constituency. Mohan Charan Majhi won assembly elections in both 2004 and 2000. Earlier MLAs from this seat were Jogendra Naik of BJP (1995), C. Majhi of JD (1990), Chhotaray Majhi of JNP (1985), Jogendra Naik of INC(I) in 1980 and Kumar Majhi of JNP (1977).[2]

Present MP from Keonjhar (Lok Sabha constituency) is Y.N.S Laguri of BJD.

Transport

Kendujhar is situated the National Highway No 49 (formerly it was 6) and 215.

Kendujhar railway station is on the Padapahar-Jakhapura branch line of Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line.

It is connected by broadgauge line to Jakhpura. Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar(220 KM)

Sr. No Train Name and Number Start Time End Time

BARBIL STATION

1 Chakradharpur-Barbil Intercity Express/18403 05:15 AM 07:50 AM

2 Barbil Janshabatdi/12021 06:20 AM 13:05 PM

3 Tatanagar-Barbil Passenger/58103 17:00 PM 21:20 PM

4 BARBIL-PURI EXPRESS/ 18415 6.30 PM 20.30 PM

BHADRAK STATION

5 Balasore - Bhadrak Passenger/58029 13:40 PM 15:35 PM

JAJPUR-KEONJHOR STATION

6 Kharagpur-Jajpur Keonjhar Road Passenger/58009 15:55 PM 20:50PM

KEONJHAR STATION

1 KEONJHAR-BBSR FAST PASSENGER /58425 5.30 AM 11.20 AM

2 BARBIL-PURI EXPRESS/ 18415 13.10 PM 20.30 PM

Places to visit

  • Khandadhar Falls, Kendujhar
  • Bada Ghagara
  • Mirigisinga

References

External links

  • Satellite map
  • Government of India website for Kendujhar
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