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Kherlen River

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Title: Kherlen River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Battle of Kherlen, Choibalsan (city), List of rivers of Mongolia, Argun River (Asia), Ögedei Khan
Collection: International Rivers of Asia, Rivers of Mongolia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kherlen River

Kherlen River (Хэрлэн гол)
克鲁伦河 (Kèlǔlún hé)
Near Ondorkhaan
Name origin: Mongolian: kherlen, "hederated"
Countries Mongolia, People's Republic of China
Mongolian Aimags Khentii, Dornod
Chinese Region Inner Mongolia
Chinese Prefecture Hulunbuir
 - location Burkhan Khaldun, Khentii Mountains
Mouth Hulun Nuur
 - coordinates
Length 1,254 km (779 mi)

Kherlen River (also known as Kerulen or Kerülen; Mongolian: Хэрлэн гол; Chinese: 克鲁伦河; pinyin: Kèlǔlún hé) is a river of 1,254 km length in Mongolia and China.[1]


  • Course 1
    • Kherlen-Ergune-Amur 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3


The river has its origin in the south slopes of the Khentii mountains, near the Burkhan Khaldun mountain in the Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area, about 180 km northeast of Ulaanbaatar.[1] This area is the watershed between the arctic (Tuul River) and pacific (Kherlen, Onon) basins and named Three river basins.

From there the Kherlen flows in a mostly eastern direction through the Khentii aimag. On its further way it crosses the eastern Mongolian steppe past Ulaan Ereg and Choibalsan, entering China at , emptying into Hulun Nuur after another 164 km.


In years with high precipitation, the normally exitless Hulun Lake may overflow at its northern shore, and the water will meet the Ergune River after about 30 km.[1] The Ergune marks the border between Russia and China for about 944 km, until it meets the Amur River. The system Kherlen-Ergune-Amur has a total length of 5,052 km.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Brutsaert, Wilfried; Sugita, Michiaki (December 2008). "Is Mongolia's groundwater increasing or decreasing? The case of the Kherlen River basin". Hydrological Sciences Journal (London: Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd) 53 (6): 1221–1229.  
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