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Kholapur

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Kholapur

For The preserved steam locomotive, see LMS Jubilee Class 5593 Kolhapur.
"Kolhapuri" redirects here. For other uses, see Kolhapuri (disambiguation).

Kolhapur
कोल्हापुर
Emerging Metro

The New Palace, Kolhapur
Kolhapur
Kolhapur
Location in Maharashtra, India

Coordinates: 16°41′30″N 74°14′00″E / 16.69167°N 74.23333°E / 16.69167; 74.23333Coordinates: 16°41′30″N 74°14′00″E / 16.69167°N 74.23333°E / 16.69167; 74.23333

Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Kolhapur
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Pratibha Naiknavare
Area
 • Total 66.82 km2 (25.80 sq mi)
Elevation 545.6 m (1,790.0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 561,841
 • Density 8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Demonym Kolhapurkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 4160XX
Telephone code 0231
Vehicle registration MH-09
Website [www.kolhapurcorporation.gov.in Official Site]

Kolhapur (Hindu goddess.

History


Ancient history

According to Hindu mythology, Kolhapura was settled by Kolhasura, a demon who was later killed by Mahalakshmi to relieve the local populace. However, honouring the demon's dying wish, the city was named after him. Kolhapur finds mentions in Devi Gita, the final and most important chapter of the Srimad Devi Bhagawatam, as one the important places of Shakti "Kollamma" worship, "Devi spoke:..."O King of Mountains! Still I am now telling something out of My affection to My Bhaktas. Hear. There is a great place of pilgrimage named Kollapura in the southern country. Here the Devi Laksmi always dwells...."[1]

During 940–1212 CE, it was the capital of the Shilahara dynasty of Kolhapur.[2] An inscription at Teradal mentions that king Gonka was healed from snakebite by a Jain monk and Gonka built a temple of Lord Neminath. Many Jain temples in this region build in the next few centuries are called Gonka-Jinalya after him. During the reign of Bhoja I, a dynamic Acharya Maghanandi helped establish an institute at Rupanarayana-Basadi. Several kings and nobles of the dynasty were disciples of Maghanandi. Maghanandi is often called Siddhanta-chakravarti i.e. the great master of the scriptures, Gandaraditya I was his disciple. He is sometimes called "Kolapuriya" or walyaa to distinguish him from many other Acharyas with the name Maghanandi.

Kolhapur was the site of intense confrontation between the Western Chalukyas and the Chola kings Rajadhiraja Chola and his younger brother Rajendra Chola II.[3] Following the Battle of Koppam in 1052, Rajendra Chola II marched on to Kolhapur and erected a jayastambha or victory pillar in the city.[3]

The Kopeshwar (Shiva) Temple, located in Kolhapur district, was built by Shilahara King Gandaraditya, Vijayaditya and Bhoj-II between 1109 and 1178 AD. Kolhapur, historically had a major influence and connections with the prevalent kingdoms of Greece/Rome.

Kolhapur as a princely state

Main article: Kolhapur (princely state)

Geography and climate

Kolhapur city is located in south-west Maharashtra. It has an elevation of 569 metres (1867 ft) which is higher than that of Pune. By road, Kolhapur is 228 km south of Pune, 615 km north-west of Bangalore and 530 km west of Hyderabad.[4] The nearest cities and towns within Maharashtra are Ichalkaranji (20 km), Kagal (17 km), Sangli (45 km), Satara (115 km), and Miraj (50 km).

Kolhapur's climate is a blend of coastal and inland climate of Maharashtra. The temperature has a relatively narrow range between 10 °C to 35 °C. Summer in Kolhapur is comparatively cooler, but much more humid, compared to neighbouring inland cities. Maximum temperatures rarely exceed 38 °C and typically range between 33 to 35 °C. Lows during this season are around 24 °C to 26 °C. The city receives abundant rainfall from June to September due to its proximity to the Western Ghats. The heavy rains often lead to severe flooding in these months. Temperatures are low in the rainy season and range between 19 °C to 30 °C. Kolhapur experiences winter from November to February. The winter temperatures are a bit higher compared to other cities in Maharashtra such as Pune and Nasik. Lows range from 9 °C to 16 °C while highs are in the range of 26 °C to 32 °C due to its high elevation and being adjacent to the Western Ghats. Humidity is low in this season making weather much more pleasant. In 2005 & 2006 there was excessive rainfall in Kolhapur resulting in floods.

Climate data for Kolhapur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
36
(97)
37
(99)
33
(91)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30.7
(87.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
17
(63)
15
(59)
19.6
(67.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.3
(0.17)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.9
(1.06)
46.2
(1.82)
140
(5.51)
338.3
(13.32)
181.6
(7.15)
101.6
(4.00)
103.6
(4.08)
40.6
(1.60)
5.6
(0.22)
995.9
(39.21)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Economy

Kolhapur is the sixth most industrialised city in Maharashtra. It is the 10th city of choice in India by Deutsche Bank.Kolhapur based Ratnakar Bank is now amongst the India’s top private sector banks.Ratnakar bank’s deposits are up to Rs 83.40 billion in 2012–13 from Rs 15.85 billion in 2009–10. In the same period, net profit has more than quadrupled from Rs 190 million to Rs 920 million.

Its sugar industries account to a significant share of sugar, jaggery and baggase produced in the country: Kolhapur district has 17 sugar factories. It is fast becoming an industrialised district as well and already a front‐runner in agro‐based industries. It is one of the shining examples in the co‐operative movement of India, with around 11,338 societies in the district.

  • Kolhapur district has the largest number of bio-gas plants in India(97,000 plants overall) thus, winning the national award for consecutively 3 times.
  • Shri Chhatrapati Shahu cooperative sugar factory in Kolhapur, has won the national award for being the best managed cooperative sugar factory in India for total 9 times.
  • India's first biometric ATM : Warana co-op bank, Kolhapur has developed Maharashtra's as well as India's first biometric ATM which uses PALM VEIN AUTHENTICATION technology for ATM transactions.
  • Yantra Maharshi Late Shri. Mahadeo Nana Shelke is popularly known to all as Mahadaba Mistri was from kolhapur. In 1942, there was shortage of petroleum products, to overcome this shortage he developed coal gas plant. Only Kirloskar's and Mahadaba Mistri were successful in developing the coal gas plant.
  • India's first small size car "MEERA" was conceptualised, designed and built in kolhapur by Mr.Shankarrao Kulkarni.The car can be compared with today's TATA Nano.
  • Industries in Kolhapur are mainly sugar, textile, automobile ancilleries, engineering and manufacturing units, forging and foundry units, milk industries and chemical industries. The Kolhapur district is a leading district in dairy farming; it boasts of milk-production with huge exports of milk and milk-products. The setting up of dairies Gokul, Warana, Mayur, Sphurti, Yalgud, Shahu has been a landmark in economic development of the district, especially Gokul Milk Co-operative which is one of the biggest dairies in India.

Industry

Major industrial estates in kolhapur & its suburb include Kagal-hatkanagale five-star Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC), Shiroli MIDC, Gokul-Shirgaon MIDC & Udyamnagar co-op industrial estate,khanjire industrial estate Ichalkaranji,Lakshmi industrial estate Ichalkaranji.

Some other industrial estates present in district are Laxmi industrial estate, Parvati industrial estate, L.K. Akiwate industrial estate, Halkarni industrial estate, Ajara industrial estate, Gadhinglaj industrial estate etc.

There are efforts being taken by MIDC nowadays to develop new industrial estates namely Vikaswadi MIDC,Top-sambhapur industrial estate, Ambap MIDC,Karveer MIDC (at Karveer tehsil),Halsawade MIDC (at Karveer tehsil),Wathar-Vadgaon MIDC,Arjuni MIDC(at kagal tehsil), Donoli MIDC(at Shahuwadi tehsil) Minache MIDC & Bhudargad MIDC because of constant demands for land from industrialists.

Major Industries

Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd, Mather and Platt Ltd(WILO SE) Germany, Raymond Zambaiti Ltd, Undercarriage and tractor parts ltd- Italy, Kolhapur Steel Ltd. (a subsidiary of kirloskar brothers ltd.), Fairfield Atlas Ltd., Oswal F.M. Hämmerle Textiles Limited -Austria, Tessitura Monti India Pvt Ltd- Italy(Textile), Soktas India Pvt Ltd- Turkey(Textile), Dogetech Machinery Manufacturing Pvt.Ltd.- Taiwan, Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd (BRFL),Manugraph India Ltd., Dalmia Bharat Sugar & Industries Ltd. (DBSIL),Indus Ferrotech Ltd, Menon Group of Companies, Gokul Milk Co-operative, Bharatcab Cables, Makjai Laboratories Pvt Ltd, Sanjay ghodawat group of industries, Indocount Industries Ltd.(Textile), Eurotex Industries And Exports Ltd.(Textile), Jindal Fittings Ltd., Ghatge patil group of industries, R.M. Mohite group of industries, Banbury Exports Div. of Banbury Impex(Textile), Nagreeka Exports Ltd., Emmel vheelers (FIE group), Anshul Steels Ltd., Chemplast Sanmar Ltd., CTI-Precifab (a JV of Precifab Engineers, Kolhapur and ACCP, a nuclear subsidiary of CTI Group, France), Gangotri Textiles Ltd., Arvind Group of Textiles, KSL & Industries Ltd., Mistair Health & Hygiene Private Limited (sole manufacturer of prickle heat powder product of Johnson and Johnson ),

  • Kolhapur has around 300 foundry units which are responsible for around Rs. 15 billion exports per year. The "foundry cluster" project is further aiming to extend the exports up to Rs. 55 billion.[5]
  • Ichalkaranji, which is a city in Kolhapur district, popularly known as "Manchester of the Maharashtra" is witnessing a mega-cluster of power looms. In 2012, Kolhapur has been declared by the central government as the city of 'Export excellence'[6] which is the only city from Maharashtra. The textile SEZ is in Kagal.
  • Its rich legacy, tradition and culture, presence of Mahalaxmi temple, palaces, and arts makes the city ideal tourist destination. It attracts approximately three million tourists every year.[7]
  • The leather industry is famous for the royal and robust 'Kolhapuri Chappals' typically handcrafted and known for its style globally.

Maharashtra Film Company

Kolhapur is also known for the film industry. Maharashtra Film Company was established in Kolhapur on 1929 by Baburao Painter which was a remarkable effort due to which Kolhapur became one of the primary center for Marathi Film Industry.

Kolhapur plays host to many film festivals, including the Kolhapur International Film Festival, and provides locations for shooting. In 2012, the chief minister of Maharashtra announced a new film city at Kolhapur.[8]

Civic administration

Kolhapur is governed by Kolhapur Municipal Corporation


Demographics

  • As of 2011 India census Kolhapur City had a population of 549,293. In this population males constitute 287,376 and females constitute 274,465 resulting into sex ratio of 955. Kolhapur has average literacy rate of 92.17% which is higher than national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 96.35% and female literacy is 87.84%.
  • But it has population density of 8400 per km2 which is higher than state as well as district density.
  • Now (In 2013) kolhapur & its suburb area have population approximately around 9 lacks. But '2011 Indian Census' shows that Kolhapur city had a population of 549,293,because city limits of Kolhapur Municipal Corporation have not expanded since 1947,due to lack of support & poor willpower of local politicians.
  • Because of not expansion of city limits,now most of the 'Gram Panchayat Villages' around kolhapur have already merged in kolhapur city and have modern urban look.
Religions in Kolhapur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
74%
Muslims
  
12%
Buddhists
  
9.6%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
2.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Others (<0.1%).

Culture

A majority of residents in Kolhapur follow Hinduism. Hence, Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Vijaya Dashami, Navaratri are main festivals celebrated along with Holi known as festival of colours.

Kolhapur hosts the worlds tallest Lord Ganesh idol(85 feet) at Chinmaya Mission near top-Sambhapur.

Children from kolhapur set a new world record by wearing a dress of Mahatma Gandhi on his 143rd birth anniversary in year 2012 at Tapovan, a city suburb.Altogether 575 children dressed as Mahatma Gandhi gathered at Tapovan Vidaylay situated in kolhapur district and with this act they broke the earlier Guniess Book of World Record made by students of Kolkata.

Ramdas Namdeo Aswale a barber from Prayag Chikali in kolhapur district has entered the Limca Book of Records for a remarkable 460 haircuts in 27 hours with just two breaks of 10 minutes each.

Kolhapur Municipal Corporation is the first & only municipal corporation in India which does not charge for any of the cremation procedures to be done after the demise of its citizens.

The statue of "Queen Tararani" riding a horse which is located in Kolhapur, is the only statue in the world because of its unique architectural design. The statue rests on only 2 legs of the horse.The equestrian statue of Tara Rani is very famous and one of a kind. Supposedly, only one leg of the horse supports the entire statue.The Bronze statue of Hon.Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar which is built at Bindu chowk in kolhapur is his oldest statue in the world.This statue was inaugurated on 7 December 1950.

Today, the only Maybach car which is still in princely possession is the Kolhapur Maybach of the Chhatrapatis of Kolhapur, which is taken out every year for Dusshera procession.This model of the maybach is the only model of its type in whole India today.

Kolhapur & Indian Classical Music

Kolhapur was the abode of musical legend Ustad Alladiya Khan (1855-1946), doyen of Indian Khayal music & founder of Jaipur-Atrauli school (Gharana) of Khayal, who spent a major part of his musical life here as the head-singer of Sahu Maharaj's Court.A bust is erected at a major road-junction in Kolhapur town in Alladiya's memory.

Kolhapuri Pheta (Turban)

Pheta (Feta) i.e. turban is a speciality in Kolhapur. Presenting one with a pheta is considered respectful. The turban is a long cloth of 3.5 to 6 metres. Saffron is the preferred colour of choice for Kolhapuri turbans. The turban is folded in six or seven folds in width after which an end of about 1/4 meter is left as tail which is known as Shemala. Turbans are specially used during wedding ceremonies and festivals like Dasara, Diwali & Gudi Padwa.

Kolhapuri jewellery

Kolhapur is famous for type of necklace called Kolhapur saaj.This artistically made jewellery, due to its specific design and pattern, is considered to add glory to the person wearing it. Being associated with affluence, many songs and poems have been written about the Kolhapuri Saaz.

Haar and malas, mohanmaal, bormaal, chaplahaar, kolhapuri saaj, pohehaar and putlihaar are the jewelleries that are made in Kolhapur. These names are derived from the peculiar shapes of the jewelleries. Thushi, a choker with closely bound tiny gold beads, is very popular in Kolhapur.

Kolhapuri Chappal (footwear)

Kolhapuri chappals are hand-crafted buffalo leather slippers that are locally tanned using vegetable dyes. The foot-wear is made out of special chrome tanned leather, its straps made with minutely woven leather threads, decorated with beautiful tassels made out of leather.

They are mainly made in kolhapur district. They are also made in the villages of Athani Taluk in the Belgaum district of Karnataka state of India.[9][10] They get their name as the style is Kolhapuri.  Exquisite footwear that is popular in domestic and international markets] These are exported to many countries including America, Japan and the U

Media and communication

Major English dailies in the city are The Times of India (Kolhapur edition), The Indian Express, Business Standard and The Economic Times. Hindi daily in the city is Lokmat Times.

  • Kolhapur enjoys broadcasting of FM Radio services. Tomato FM 94.3 MHz, Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz) tops the popularity rating along with All India Radio FM (102.7 MHz).

Education

Kolhapur has a number of engineering, medical colleges, international schools as well as a Pre-IAS training centre.

Kolhapur hosts an agriculture college affiliated to Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (Rahuri) located off the Pune Bangalore national highway no. 4.[11]

MoUs of Shivaji University With other universities & institutes

  • Gifu University, Japan
  • Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
  • Chonnam National university, South Korea
  • Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
  • Kyungpook National University, South Korea
  • National Dong Hwa University, Taiwan
  • University of Brasilia Foundation, Brasilia- Brazil
  • Monash University, Clayton, Australia
  • Sabaragamuwa University, Sri Lanka
  • Khon-Kaen University, Thailand
  • Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand
  • National Institute of Space Research (INPE), Brazil
  • Asian Research Network (ARN) instituted by Hanyang University, South Korea
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai
  • Joint MoU with University of Pune,University of Mumbai and Maharashtra University of Health Sciences Nashik
  • Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG),Mumbai
  • National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
  • Centre for Social Studies, Surat
  • Microsoft Corporation (India) Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore
  • Intel Technology Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai
  • Infosys BPO
  • SAP India Pvt. Ltd.,Bangalore
  • tCognition Consulting Pvt. Ltd.

Pre-IAS training centre

In Maharashtra, there are four Pre-IAS training centres at Mumbai, Nagpur, Aurangabad and Kolhapur.

The jurisdiction of Pre-IAS centre Kolhapur includes Sangli, Satara, Pune, Solapur, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurga and Belgaum districts. Any student from any university in India who lives in Maharashtra can seek admission in Pre-IAS training centre in Kolhapur on entrance merit basis.

International schools

  • Podar International school
  • Vibgyor International school
  • Shantiniketan International school
  • Fort International Academy
  • Sanjay Ghodawat International school,
  • Mrs.Vijayadevi Yadav International school etc.

Engineering colleges

  • D. Y. Patil college of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur
  • KIT College of Engineering
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth's College of Engineering
  • Sanjay Ghodawat group of engineering and technology
  • Genesis Institute of engineering and technology
  • Sanjeevan Institute of engineering and technology
  • D.K.T.E.Society's textile and engineering institute
  • Ashokrao Mane Engineering institute
  • T.K.I.E.T.Warana college of engineering and technology
  • Bhima Institute of Engineering and Technology (Dhananjay Mahadik group of institutes)
  • Dr.J.J.Magdum college of engineering
  • Sharad Institute of Technology-College of engineering
  • Dr.Bapuji Salunkhe college of engineering & technology, etc.

Medical colleges

  • Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj Government Medical College
  • D. Y. Patil Medical College
  • Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College & Research Centre
  • Mary Wanless Hospital & Homeopathy Medical College
  • Venutai Yashwantrao Chavan Homoeopathic Medical College

Pharmacy colleges

  • Rajarshi Shahu Chhatrapati Institute Of Pharmacy College
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth's College Of Pharmacy
  • Dr. J.J. Magdum Pharmacy College
  • Tatyasaheb Kore College Of Pharmacy

Law colleges

  • Shivaji Law College
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth's New Law College

Sports

Kolhapur is famous for Wrestling. Khasbaug wrestling stadium is one of the largest stadiums in India for wrestling with seating capacity of about 20,000 people. Kolhapur has also contributed in Olympic level games such as shooting, and swimming. Tejaswini Sawant, who won the Gold Medal for 50m rifle prone shooting at the 2010 ISSF World Shooting Championships held in Munich, is from Kolhapur. Virdhawal Khade who hails from Kolhapur has won medals in national as well as international swimming events. Anuja Patil from kolhapur is a cricketer from Maharashtra played in Twenty20 internationals for India. Rahi Sarnobat is an athlete from kolhapur who competes in the event of 25 metres pistol shooting. She who won two gold medals in 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi, India. She won the first gold in 25m pistol event in pair with Anisa Sayyed. Suhas Khamkar is a professional bodybuilder from kolhapur.During his 12 years of successful professional career in bodybuilding, Suhas has won various accolades at the state and national level. Some of the prestigious awards to suhas credit are :Mr. India 2012 Overall Champion, Mr. India 2011 Overall Champion, Mr. India 2010 Overall Champion, Mr. Asia 2010 (First Indian to win Mr. Asia), Maharastra Shree, Mr. India (below 18 years category), 5 times Gold medalist in All India Railway competitions. Parth Ghorpade from kolhapur is a Winner of 5 National Karting titles including the 2008 and 2009 Rotax Junior and the 2010 Rotax Senior Championships.He has represented India at the 2008, 2009 & 2010 Rotax World Finals in Italy and Egypt.His Present racing activities are FFSA / Autosport Academy F4 Renault 1.6 French Championship.

Football is a very popular sport in Kolhapur. Kolhapur League matches are held at Shahu Stadium and most top flight teams are professional in nature. The football tradition is as old as wrestling in the city. The League consists of 3 divisions with over 50 clubs and around 1000 players registered. The I-League games are also held at Shahu Stadium. Also the international friendly between the Indian and Dutch women's team was played in 13 January 2013 at the Shahu Stadium.

B. B. Nimbalkar, from kolhapur was an Indian cricketer, best known for his score of 443 not out during the 1948–49 Ranji Trophy, which remains the highest score, and the only quadruple century, in Indian first-class cricket.During the 1948–49 Ranji Trophy, playing for Maharashtra against Kathiawar at Pune, Nimbalkar made 443 not out, at the time second only to Don Bradman's 452 not out as the record first-class innings and currently fourth-highest of all-time. He was unable to break the record because, with the total standing at 826 for 4 at the lunch interval, the Kathiawar side conceded the match; however Bradman sent a personal note to Nimbalkar saying that he considered Nimbalkar's innings better than his own.He is still considered as one of the best 11 cricket players in the world.

Teja Bandal from kolhapur has become the first Indian to win the excellence award in International Origami Competition organised by British Origami Society.Out of the participants from 123 countries across the globe, Teja has emerged as the winner for her innovative work in origami tessellation and interior design and architecture.

Snehal Bendke, a student from kolhapur was the first Indian basketball official(refree) to represent India at olympics. She acted as a refree for london olympics 2012.

5-year-old Shreeya Deshpande from Vibgyor High, Kolhapur set a new world record in Limbo Skating.Her incredible feat of skating in the position for 158 feet and two inches in mere 23 seconds smashed the previous world record of 111 feet held by a nine-year-old boy.

  • 'Khasbaug Maidan' in Kolhapur is the first wrestling stadium in India based on a Roman style built by King Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur and hosts seating arrangement for 20,000 people.

Military centre

Kolhapur has been a military centre since old days. The Bhosale Chhatrapati had his own army before the British came. The British maintained their infantry and it was quartered at Infantry Lines near Line Bazar, but when the British units withdrew and the Maharaja was allowed to have his own army, the 'Rajaram Rifles' were formed. They were quartered in barracks specially built on a hillock near the 'Tramboli Hill'. This continued to be the head quarters of the 'Raiaram Rifles' until the merger of the 'Kolhapur State' when this infantry was disbanded. Now a 24 th Maratha Light Infantry battalion 109 (Territorial Army Artillery) unit is stationed at Kolhapur and it uses the barracks built for the 'Rajaram Rifles'.

Cuisine

The city also lends its name to many common products such as Kolhapuri Lavangi Mirchi, Kolhapuri Gul and Kolhapuri Masala(spices). Most preparations in Kolhapuri cuisine include usage of "Kolhapuri Masala (spices)". The most famous part of the Kolhapuri cuisine are red meat preparations called Tambada Rassa (Red Curry), Pandhara Rassa (White Curry), and Sukaa Mutton (Dry Meat)and Kolhapuri Misal(a type of snacks item). Jaggery is produced here in large scale due to large production of Sugarcane.

Kolhapuri Misal is one of the famous dishes of Kolhapur. Hot and Spicy are the words which describe the dish to certain extent. This is a delicious dish. It is not a snack but a medium diet. Anybody who wish to have a variety of food, will definitely like this dish. For preparation of the dish confectionery items are preferentially used. Chivada, Shev, Papadi are the indigents of dish. A thin curry covers for all confectionary items. For making it tasty ginger, garlic, mint is also used. The dish is accompanied by a slice of bread. Some chopped onion along with lime makes it even more mouth-watering. Tasting it with the bread and enjoying the "Kat" (curry) is a craze in Kolhapur. In every hotel this dish is available but a few places in the city are renowned like the Khasbag hotel, Phadtare and Chorage Misal.

Kolhapur has a some good traditional dishes prepared from "Mutton" (goat meat) which are very tasty and delightful. "Pandhra Rassa" is a type of curry which is an identity of Kolhapuri cuisine. Pandhara Rassa is prepared from coconut milk and mutton stock, A Soup like dish of water used to boil the "Mutton" along with spices such as cinnamon, coriander, ginger & garlic etc. which looks white in color so called as "Pandhara Rassa". It is liked as a Starter. This is a very tasty pre-food item. Apart from taste it has certain medicinal use as well. This "Rassa" is recommended for cough and throat related ailments. This is a part of a well-know duo curries, the other one is termed as "Tambra Rassa"

"Tambra Rassa" the second starter of the duo. This is a curry prepared using red chilly powder to make it appear "Tambda" or reddish. After these starters comes the special roasted mutton.

"Roasted Mutton" is a special variety of non-veg dish prepared extensively at Kolhapur. The special recipe of this mutton makes it a unique disk attributed to Kolhapur. Different varieties of this dishes are prepared with different spices. Mutton Pickle known as 'Lonche' is another such delicacy unique to Kolhapur. Another such famous type is "Ghaati" Mutton. These various dishes along with "Bhakari" or "Chapaati" constitute the Kolhapuri Taat(thali).

"Mutton Rakti" is also a speciality dish of Kolhapuri non-veg culture which is made up of blood of goat. The dish is famous in the villages around kolhapur city. It can be served along with Bhakri and Chapati.

Developments


Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC) has undertaken many improvement projects including Kolhapur Road Project,


Transportation

Railway

Main article: Chattrapati Shahu Maharaj Terminus
  • Kolhapur railway station known as Chattrapati Shahu Maharaj Terminus is connected to major Indian cities like Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Solapur, Nagpur, Tirupati, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Dhanbad through express trains. There are daily passenger shuttle services between Kolhapur and Miraj.
  • The survey of Karad-Kolhapur-Dharwad line and also of Kolhapur-Rajapur (konkan rail) line is going on.

Road

  • Kolhapur is connected to Pune, Mumbai to the north and Bengaluru to the south by National Highway 4 which is further extended to Chennai.The city is one of the primary destinations on this highway and a major link city from NH-4 to Konkan and Goa.
  • Kolhapur is also connnected to Ratnagiri & sea coast to the west and to the cities like Sangli & Solapur to the east by National Highway 204 which is further connected to Nagpur . Four-Laning of Kolhapur-Sangli Highway is going on.
  • Kolhapur is also connected to Goa.
  • Kolhapur has three state transport bus stands namely Central Bus Stand (CBS), Rankala Bus Stand & Sambhajinagar Bus Stand.

Local mode of transport includes bus service by Kolhapur Municipal Transport (KMT) which covers all routes inside the city. For quick transport Auto Rikshaw is popular mode of transport.

Air

Main article: Kolhapur Airport
  • Kolhapur has a domestic airport at Ujalaiwadi, 9 km South-east from the city. Its sole regular service to Mumbai by Kingfisher Airlines ceased in November 2011 when the airline pulled out of several towns like Kolhapur due to its financial crisis.
  • Now Kolhapur airport is taken under 'Airport Authority of India' in August 2013 for its developement.The development includes extension of runway,night landing facility,boeing planes landing facility and new modern airport building.

Places of interest



  • Places for entertainment
    • Gandharva Resort and amusement park, Top Sambhapur
    • Dream world water park at Ramanmala
    • Kent Club at Sadale Madale Village
    • Sidhagiri Wax Museum(Gram-Jeevan Museum)at Kaneri
    • Dakkhan Kedar Shri Jyotiba
    • Shivtej water park and museum,panhala
  • Temples
    • Mahalakshmi Temple
    • Khidrapur (Kopeshwar Shiva Temple)
    • Jyotiba
    • Narsinhwadi
    • Kashi Vishveshwar Temple
    • Bahubali
    • Katyayani Devi
    • Tembalai alias Tryamboli
    • Radha Krishna Temple
    • Kaneri Math
    • Shankaracharya Cloister (Math)
    • Siddhivinayak Ganapati Mandir
Rankala lake panorama

See also

References

  • Kolhapur bazar in 1894

External links

  • जिल्हा परिषद कोल्हापूर
  • Kolhapur Municipal Corporation
  • Kolhapur tourist information
  • http://urbanindia.nic.in/programme/uwss/CSP/Draft_CSP/Kolhapur_CSP.pdf
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