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Kunal, Haryana

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Title: Kunal, Haryana  
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Subject: Balu, Haryana, Jognakhera, Mitathal, Sothi, Farmana
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Kunal, Haryana

Archeological site
Kunal,Haryana is located in Haryana
Country India
Province Haryana
Time zone Indian Standard Time (UTC+5.30)

Kunal is a pre-harappan settlement located in Fatehabad district, Haryana, India. This Indus Valley Civilisation site was a village, in comparison to towns like Kalibangan and cities like Rakhigarhi of IVC. This site is located on Sarasvati plain.[1]

Historical significance

This small settlement (1 hectare) yielded Hakra ware at entry level. Houses were built on an artificially elevated place.[2]

Button seal

Discovery of a button seal during 1998-99 excavations by Archeological Survey of India exhibit this culture's ancestry to the Rehman-Dheri examples.[3] This seal contained picture of two deer on one side and geometrical pattern on other side, which is comparable to a specimen from Rehman-Dheri(Baluchistan), datable to c.4000 BCE.[3]

Earliest pre-Harappan

This site is recognised as earliest Pre-Harappan site.[1]


Designs on pottery included pipal leaves (ficus religiosa) and humped bull[2] which were important motiffs found on Mature Harappan seals. Bone tools, micro blades made of chalcedony,copper fish hooks and arrow heads were also found here.[2] Six steatite seals and one shell seal with geometric patterns were found.[2] These six seals were of square shape, made of grey stone and resembled typical Mature Harappan seals.[1] Also found at this site are copper rods, rings, bangle pieces, terrecotta objects like bangles, balls, animal figurines,net-sinker, toy cart frames,disk and toys, stone balls, shell bangles etc.[3]


Large Hoards of jewellery were found at this location, including two silver pieces called tiaras, gold ornaments, beads of semi precious stones etc.[2] Number of hoards found at this site included silver bangle,copper tools etc.[1]

Copper smelting

Excavations on south-west side of mound revealed copper furnaces with smelting material and copper ingots and slags were also found at this site.[3]


Rice (probably wild) is found from Kunal as well as from Balu, both in Haryana.[1]

See also

External links

Location of Kunal and other IVC sites.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e McIntosh, Jane R. (2008). The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. pp. 68,80,82,105,113.  
  2. ^ a b c d e Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. pp. 109, 145–6.  
  3. ^ a b c d Archeological Survey of, India (2004). "Excavations at Kunal,Haryana". Indian Archeology 1998-99 A Review: p 11–12. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 

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