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Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is an Indian government ministry. The Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The ministry portfolio is currently held by Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

The ministry is responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in the country. The main activities undertaken by the ministry include conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas; prevention and control of pollution; afforestation, and land degradation mitigation. It is responsible for the administration of the national parks of India.

One of the three All India Services, The Indian Forest Service (IFS) is under the administration and supervision of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.


  • History 1
  • Organisation 2
  • Research institutes under ICFRE 3
  • List of environment ministers of India 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Indira Gandhi's prime-ministership (1966–1977 and 1980–1984) introduced environmental debates into the national political agenda. The 4th Five-Year Plan (1969–74), for example, proclaimed "harmonious development [...] on the basis of a comprehensive appraisal of environmental issues." In 1976 (during the Emergency) Gandhi added Article 48A to the constitution stating that: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." The same decree transferred wildlife and forests from state list to concurrent list of the constitution, thus giving the central government the power to overrule state decisions on that matter. Such political and constitutional changes prepared the groundwork for the creation of a federal Department of Environment in 1980, turned into the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985.[1]


  • Centres of excellence
    • Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad
    • C. P. R. Environmental Education Centre, Chennai
    • Centre for Animals and Environment, Bangalore
    • Centre of Excellence in Environmental Economics, Chennai
    • Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore
    • Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore
    • Centre for Environmental Management of Degraded Ecosystem, Delhi
    • Centre for Mining Environment, Dhanbad
    • Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON), Coimbatore
    • Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute,[2] Thiruvananthapuram

Research institutes under ICFRE

Institute and their locations, sorted alphabetically
Name Photo Acronym Established City Jurisdiction Website
Arid Forest Research Institute AFRI 1988 Jodhpur Rajasthan, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli .in.resafri
Forest Research Institute FRI 1906 Dehradun Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, U.P., Uttarakhand
Himalayan Forest Research Institute HFRI 1977 Shimla Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir
Institute of Forest Biodiversity IFB 2012 Hyderabad Telangana, Maharashtra
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding IFGTB 1988 Coimbatore T.N., Kerala, A & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry /
Institute of Forest Productivity IFP 1993 Ranchi Bihar, Jharkhand, Sikkim, West Bengal .in.coifpranchi
Institute of Wood Science and Technology IWST 1938 Bangalore Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Goa /
Rain Forest Research Institute RFRI 1988 Jorhat Northeast India
Tropical Forest Research Institute TFRI 1988 Jabalpur M.P., Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa
Advanced Research Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
(a unit of RFRI)
ARCBR 2004 Aizawl Northeast India .org.icfrewww
Centre for Forestry Research and Human Resource Development (satellite centre of TFRI) CFRHRD 1995 Chhindwara M.P., Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa .org.icfrewww
Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation
(a centre of ICFRE)
CSFER 1992 Allahabad Eastern U.P., North Bihar, Vindhya Range .org.icfrewww
Centre for Forest Based Livelihood and Extension CFLE 2013 Agartala Tripura tripurainfo

List of environment ministers of India

Period Minister
2014–present Prakash Javadekar
2013- 2014 Veerappa Moily
2011-2013 Jayanthi Natarajan
2009-2011 Jairam Ramesh Prof. Saifuddin Soz (1990's)

See also


  1. ^ Sanjeev Khagram (2004) "Dams and Development", New York, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-8907-5
  2. ^

External links

  • Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Official website
  • Autonomous Organisations
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