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Title: Mogok  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mogok Township, Lahpet, Burmese Gurkha, Gwebin, Shwenyaungbin
Collection: Mogok Township, Populated Places in Pyin Oo Lwin District, Township Capitals of Myanmar
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Mogok is located in Burma
Location of Mandalay, Burma
Country  Burma
Region Mandalay Region
District Pyin Oo Lwin
Township Mogok
Population (2005)
 • Total 150,000
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Large Ruby (corundum) crystal from Mogok. Size: 5.5 x 3.2 x 3 cm.

Mogok (Burmese: မိုးကုတ္, pronounced: ; Shan: မိူင်းၵုတ်ႈ) is a city in the Pyin Oo Lwin District of the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar), located 200 km north of Mandalay and 148 km northeast of Shwebo.


  • Geography 1
  • Repute for gemstones 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4


At 1170 meters in elevation, the city has a fairly temperate climate year-round, and is home to mostly Bamar, with large minorities of Shan, Lisu, Palaung, and Karen ethnic groups, as well as Chinese, Indians and Gurkhas. The city is composed of two towns, Mogok and Kyat Pyin. Mogok is four miles long and two miles wide. It is situated in a valley surrounded by a large number of mountains. Kyat Pyin lies about 12 miles from Mogok.

Repute for gemstones

Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels by means of panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. There is little mechanization of the mining. The gravels derive from the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt.[2][3]

Gems are sold in markets in Mogok; however, foreigners require special permits to visit the town, and purchase/export of gems from Myanmar at non-government licensed dealers is illegal.

90% of the world's rubies come from Myanmar. The red stones from there are prized for their purity and hue. Thailand buys the majority of Myanmar's gems. The "Valley of Rubies", the mountainous Mogok area, 200 km (120 mi) north of Mandalay, is noted as the original source of ruby including the world's finest "pigeon's blood" rubies as well as the most world's most beautiful sapphires in "royal" blue.


  1. ^ "Pyin Oo Lwin / Mogoke Map" Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
  2. ^ Searle, D. L.; Ba Than Haq (1964) "The Mogok belt of Burma and its relationship to the Himalayan orogeny" Proceedings of the 22nd International Geological Conference, Delhi 11: pp. 132–161
  3. ^ Iyer, Lakshinarayanpuran Anantkrishna Narayana (1953) The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma Geological Survey of India Memoir 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, OCLC 6526679 ; reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus, Bangkok, ISBN 978-974-480-123-4

External links

  • The Burma Ruby Mines, Ltd.
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