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Nadiad

Nadiad
નડિયાદ
City
Santram Mandir, Nadiad during Dev Diwali Celebration in 2008
Santram Mandir, Nadiad during Dev Diwali Celebration in 2008
Nadiad is located in Gujarat
Nadiad
Coordinates:
Country India
State Gujarat
District Kheda
Government
 • President Chhayaben Patel
Area
 • Total 45.16 km2 (17.44 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 225,132
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 387 001,387 002
Telephone code 0268
Vehicle registration GJ-7
Website .comnadiadmunicipality

Nadiad is a city and an administrative centre of the Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Scholars and Personalities 5
  • Cinemas and entertainment 6
  • Tourism 7
  • Education 8
  • Industry 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The city of Nadiad is said to have been settled by rope dancers, hence the historical name of "Natapadra" (outskirts of/for natas) or "Natpur" (city for natas). It is also referred to as 'Nandgam'. The city has nine routes, and on each route there is a step well. The city is also well known for the number 9: there are 9 villages or towns located to all the 9 roads that exit from Nadiad; 9 step wells around the city; and 9 lakes in the city. Nadiad was also known as 'Shakshar Bhumi' - The land of educated.

The city was formerly ruled by Muslims, and later on by the Gayakwad of Baroda. Malhar Rao Gayakwad built the first Hindu temple called Narayan Dev Mandir located in the centre of the city.

Vikram Samvat 1213, about 1156AD, the first Patidar named Jesti Patel, the forefather of Patidars of Kakarkhad, Alhadvago, Ratanji Hirji and Lakhawad. Kheta Patel who came to Nadiad in Samvat 1516. History of the Patidars is the witness of how some of the Patidars becomes Desai. A place in Nadiad has been known as "Desaivago" (Where Desais live in). The Patidar of Samdi Chakla are from Lakhawad pati. The resident of Manordas ni Khadki are the heirs of Kakarkhad. The Patidars of Desaivago were the descendants of Kheta Patel. Vaghjibhai Samaldas Desai constructed a pond named Kheta Talav in 1798. In 1800, he was honoured by Gaekwad and given the title "Desai". Haridas Viharidas Desai and Bechardas Viharidas Desai were the Diwans of Junagadh. They lived at Nadiad ni haveli which has 249 rooms and was constructed in 1783. They are distinguished as Bhao Shaeb (respected brother in Maharastra). Dharamsinh Desai was a member of the Indian Parliament and a well-known industrialist. He established many heavy and light industries and was a major contributor to the Dharamsinh Desai University in Nadiad. Dr. Narendra Dharmsinh Desai followed in his father's footsteps and established an electronic industry as well as the Dharamsinh Agricultural and Industrial Research Foundation.

It is said that during the reign of Ramalhad, Nadiad was ruled by seven patis. Around Salun Boarder and mosque was the ‘jagir’ (property) of Jerambhai Bechardas, was the area of Sidibaxi. Ramaldhad’s ‘pati’ located in Alhadvaga. These ‘patis’ suggest that the people living in these areas are ‘Patidars’ who are the main agricultural landlords of Kheda district. The government revenue department has based its revenue system on thiese. The following are the seven ‘patis’: alad pati.kakarkhad pati, chaklashi pati ‘ lakhavaad pati, hirjee pati ‘ ratanjee pati and killedari pati

Besides Patidar, other communities such as Brahmbhatts, Brahmins, Vaniks, and Muslims also contributed in the development of Nadiad. Patel's from Mota-pore, Vachewad and Nana-pore,Sunni Vohras of Muslims community from Vhorwad & Society areas, are now among the new generation who are contributing towards the development of Nadiad. Nadiad was mainly established by Nagars, the eminent caste in Gujarat.

Nadiad "Bhausaheb Ni Haveli" has 249 rooms in the house, which is less by just 91 rooms than the "Rashtrapati Bhavan" in New Delhi; this prestigious haveli belonged to Bhausaheb during the pre-independence era where Swami Vivekanand has stayed and Mahatma Gandhi has stayed for a night during the "Satyagrah".

The town has made important contributions in the field of freedom struggle, pioneering journalism, educational activities and jurisprudence. Ravjibhai Patel of Azad pole, Mohanlal Shah and Champaklal Shah of Manordas ni Khadki were the freedom fighters. To support the armed struggle against the British, Mr. Ravji Patel participated in robbery of Post office, he buried his gun used in the robbery in the Bhani Kui of his farm land. The Patels of Manordas Ni Khadki was the most educated community in those days. Sundarlal Nathalal Joshi was one of the well-known medical (vaidyaraj) professionals around, he contributed towards ayurvedic medicine in Gujarat. Ayurvedic College of Nadiad and Sundar Pharmacy is testament of his efforts towards it. He was a known freedom fighter and patriot. The small members were engineer, doctors, translators of Indian scriptures. Shankarlal Galabhai was the last Mukhi who ran the Kakarkhad pati from office opposite to Manordas ni Khaki.

Mahatma Gandhi had started his first ‘satyagraha’ movement upon his return from South Africa at nowhere else but in the district of Kheda and had resided in the alms-house of Nadiad.

Geography

Nadiad is located at .[1] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet).

Climate

Nadiad usually has mild winters and very hot summers, with an average of from 32 °C (90 °F) to 46 °C (115 °F), and an average rainfall from 70 centimetres (28 in) to 120 centimetres (47 in). Monsoon floods can be catastrophic, dropping from 300 millimetres (12 in) to over 500 millimetres (20 in) of rain, causing widespread flooding such as the 2005 Gujarat floods or the 2008 Indian floods.[2]


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Nadiad had a population of 192,799. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nadiad has an average literacy rate of 95%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 96%, and female literacy is 94%. In Nadiad, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Scholars and Personalities

The seat of Santarm Maharaj and the Santram Mandir are important not only for its religious following, but for the public service activities undertaken there, such as free medical care for low-income individuals and feeding programs for the poor and sadhus.

Nadiad was also the land of laureates and literatures during the later years of l9th century and beginning of the 20th. The author of the epic Gujarati novel 'Saraswatichandra', Govardhanram Tripathi,

Indulal Yagnika freedom fighter and writer who lead Mahagujarat Movement demanding separate statehood to Gujarat was born here.

Nadiad is also the birthplace of freedom fighter, statesman, and first Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, JD, JD. Shree Praful Patel, The Minister of Civil Aviation is from Nadiad. Dinsha Patel, the M.P. from Nadiad is the current Independent Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines.

Pujya Mota and Hari Om Ashram at Bilodara or Bilodra,Nadiad

Pujya Shree Mota (September 4, 1898 – July 23, 1976), or Chunilal Asharam Bhavsar, was a spiritual leader who established ashrams in Nadiad and Surat in Gujarat, India. Pujya Mota was born on September 4, 1898, in Savli, a village the district of Panchmahals, Gujarat to a poor low caste family of the Bhavasars (dyers). He is a well-known saint of Gujarat, who had dedicated his life to selfless service of Harijans. He founded the Hari Om Ashram, also known as the Maun Mandir, near Nadiad. [2] In Hari Om Ashram at Juna Bilodara, which is one-kilometer walk from the ST bus stop, Nadiad, first established as maun mandirs (silent temples) in 1995, you can find a space of solitude for quiet reflection. Sincere seekers take a vow of silence and shut themselves voluntarily for days inside these rooms to penetrate into the silence within themselves. This hermitage is run entirely on donations. For a token donation of Rs. 5/-, the ashram provides these seekers food in their closed room through a window as well as laundry facility.


Akshar Patel

Akshar Rajeshbhai Patel (born 20 January 1994) is an Indian cricketer. He plays as an all-rounder for the Gujarat cricket team. He is a left-hand batsman and slow left-arm orthodox bowler. He was signed up by the IPL franchise Mumbai Indians in 2013 and then by Kings XI Punjab in 2014.

Vishvesh Parmar

Vishvesh Parmar Works as a Singer, Music Composer, Record producer, Sound Engineer for Bollywood. He is famous for his song Pankhida for the Film Kevi Rite Jaish,This has declared as a Viral Hit by Times of India and DNA.Apart from this he has sung for the films like Rakta Charitra, Gang of Ghosts and Kevi Rite Jaish.He has also Composed and Produced Music for the several Bollywood Films.[4][5]

Cinemas and entertainment

Cinemas halls in the city include Cinex Cinema, Vaishali, Panda, Alka, Rajhans Multiplex and Globe. One phenomenon that has gained popularity is the establishment of "party plots". These are large areas of land which allow individuals to congregate for festive occasions such as weddings.

Tourism

Santram Mandir, including Mai Mandir famous for its carvings, is located in Nadiad. The 700-year-old Sri Raxeshwar Mahadev Mandir, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is till date served by a living Saint. Shri Mai Mandir is 41 metres high in which there is a darshan of different type of 51 idols and 18 coats. The stanzas of Shri Chandipath is text graphed on marble and been placed on the surrounding inner walls of temple. There are 108 spire pots. There is a Maha Shree Yantra made of silver and gold, which is more than 1.2 metres tall and weighs 275 kg.

The Mahakali Mataji Mandir at the entrance of the city from National Express way 1 is approximately 255 years old and was built by the Bhao Saheb Desai family.

Shree Mota Narayandev Mandir and the Bhairav Mandir are other historic Hindu Temples located in Nadiad.

Shri Hari Om Ashram, at Bilodara is about a Kilometer away from the town.

The 110 years old Methodist Church and Methodist mission hospital are also a worth a visit.

Nadiad "Bhausaheb Ni Haveli" has 249 rooms in the house, which is less by just 91 rooms than the "Rashtrapati Bhavan" in New Delhi; this prestigious haveli belonged to Bhausaheb during the pre-independence era where Swami Vivekanand has stayed and Mahatma Gandhi has stayed for a night during the "Satyagrah".

The school for deaf and mute and Badhir Garden are also points of attraction.

Education

Some of the major educational institutes located in Nadiad are:

Industry

Nadiad, the town is the home of the automotive parts tycoon- C.M.Smith and Sons Ltd. Nadiad in its early days was famous for its mills and the famous of them was the company Mafatlal. and a very large business of Timber ( Wood ).

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nadiad
  2. ^ "Gujarat Floods 2005: Project Report" (PDF). Report. International Association for Human Values and the Art of Living. 2005. Retrieved November 2, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/gujarati/music/Vishvesh-Parmar-Music-composer-celebrates-World-Music-Day/articleshow/37083684.cms
  5. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/gujarati/music/Gang-Of-Ghosts-Vishvesh-Parmars-new-song/articleshow/30660291.cms

External links

  • Nadiad Nagarpalika(Minicipality)
  • St. Anne's High School, Nadiad
  • Profile of Kheda District
  • Bus services from Nadiad
  • Site about Nadiad
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