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Narowal

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Narowal

نارووال
City
Narowal
'''نارووال''' is located in Pakistan
'''نارووال'''
نارووال
Coordinates:
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Established 1991
Incorporated 1991
Area
 • Total 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 429,876
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code span 51600
Area code(s) 0542
Website A website about Narowal

Narowal (Urdu: نارووال‎), (Punjabi: نارووال) is a city in the northeast of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city is the capital of Narowal District and Narowal Tehsil.[1] It is situated on the banks of Ravi River about 4–5 km from the Indian border.

Etymology

There are several theories as to the origin of the name. The most famous of them is that it was named after a Sikh landlord, Naro Singh, who was the owner of the land before the Partition of India in 1947. The city is situated on the banks of River Ravi, about 4–5 km from Indian Border and about 50 km from the Indian-administered Kashmir.

History

In 1005 CE, Mahmud of Ghazni, the Turkic ruler of the Ghaznavid dynasty, established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, invaded and conquered the Shahis in Kabul, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. Later like rest of Punjab, Narowal passed on to the rule of the Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Afghans, the Marathas and later the Sikhs conquered Narowal District. The Punjabi Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Narowal District increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the Creation of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim Punjabi refugees from India settled down in the Narowal District.

Narowal city has four union councils and its important colonies are Islam pura, Jilany colony, Jawad colony, Mumtaz colony and Mehmood colony near Railway station. Some of the prominent castes are Jats, Rajputs, Gujjars. Some old villages are also in it, like "Dodewali".

Language

As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 95%. Punjabi dialects spoken in the city are

  • Majhi or Standard (Majority)
  • Dogri/Darhab (Jammu and Border area's people)

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu being national language is spoken and understood.
  • English is also understood and spoken by the sizable educated people.

Notable residents

Tehsils

See also

References

  1. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Narowal

External links

  • Profile of Narowal District
  • UET's official website.
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