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Raj Ghat and other memorials

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Title: Raj Ghat and other memorials  
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Subject: Mahatma Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, List of tourist attractions in Delhi, Chaudhary Devi Lal, Jagjivan Ram
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Raj Ghat and other memorials

Raj Ghat (Hindi: राज घाट) is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi. Originally it was the name of a historic ghat of Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad) on the banks of Yamuna river. Close to it, and east of Daryaganj was “Raj Ghat Gate” of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat on Yamuna River.[1][2] Later the memorial area was also called Raj ghat. It is a black marble platform that marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi's cremation, Antyesti (Antim Sanskar) on 31 January 1948, a day after his assassination. It is left open to the sky while an eternal flame burns perpetually at one end. It is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in Delhi in India on Ring Road officially known as Mahatma Gandhi Road. A stone footpath flanked by lawns leads to the walled enclosure that houses the memorial. All guests must remove their footwear before entering the Raj Ghat walls.

Other memorials

Raj Ghat loosely translates to King's Bank (where King alludes to the importance of the place and Bank as in -on the bank of river Yamuna). Several other samādhis or cremation spots of other famous leaders can be found in the vicinity of Raj Ghat on the banks of the Yamuna. The landscaping and planting of these memorials was performed by Alick Percy-Lancaster, the last Englishman to hold the post of Superintendent of Horticultural Operations, Government of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru's samadhi is to the north of the Raj Ghat and is known as the Shantivan or Shanti Vana meaning the forest of peace. The area has a park adorned with trees planted by visiting dignitaries and heads of state.

List of memorials at Raj Ghat area

The complete list of Raj Ghat and associated memorials is as follows (mentioned in the chronological order of death):

Name Title Memorial name Meaning Feature
Mahatma Gandhi Father of the Nation Raj Ghat Royal Steps Black marble platform
Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India Shantivan Garden of Peace A large plinth covered with a lawn
Lal Bahadur Shastri Prime Minister of India Vijay Ghat Victory Platform The victory alluded to in the name of the memorial is India's performance under his leadership in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
Sanjay Gandhi Member of Parliament Located adjacent to Shantivan
Indira Gandhi Prime Minister of India Shakti Sthal Place of Power A huge greyish-red monolithic stone
Jagjivan Ram Deputy Prime Minister of India Samta Sthal Place of Equality
Choudhary Charan Singh Prime Minister of India Kisan Ghat Farmer’s Platform
Rajiv Gandhi Prime Minister of India Veer Bhumi Land of Brave A large lotus in full bloom carved out of stone surrounded by 46 small lotuses to signify the years he lived; rocks from all the states of India are spread around.[3]
Giani Zail Singh President of India Ekta Sthal Place of Unity
Shankar Dayal Sharma[4] President of India Karma Bhumi Land of Duty Located near Vijay Ghat.
Chandra Shekhar Prime Minister of India Smiriti Sthal Place of Remembrance
I. K. Gujral Prime Minister of India Smiriti Sthal Place of Remembrance
Devi Lal Deputy Prime Minister of India Sangharsh Sthal Place of Struggle Located near Kisan Ghat.


External links

Coordinates: 28°38′26″N 77°14′58″E / 28.640550°N 77.249433°E / 28.640550; 77.249433

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