World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000711152
Reproduction Date:

Title: Srikakulam  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Srikakulam district, List of beaches in India, Hiramandalam, Narasannapeta, Tekkali
Collection: Cities in Andhra Pradesh, Municipalities of Andhra Pradesh, Towns in Srikakulam District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Nickname(s): Poor mans Ooty
Srikakulam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Srikakulam
Founded by Balarama[1]
 • Type Srikakulam Municipal Council (S.M.C)
 • City 20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 125,939
 • Density 6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 147,015
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 532 001
Vehicle registration AP–30
Website Srikakulam Municipality

Srikakulam is a city and the district headquarters of Srikakulam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Srikakulam mandal in Srikakulam revenue division.[5][6] As of 2011 census, it was ranked as the 23rd most poplous city in the state with a population of 125,939. It had a metropolitan population of 147,015.[4] The city was known as Chicacole before Indian Independence.[1]


  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Governance 3
  • Transport 4
  • Tourism 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Stone carved ceiling at Srikurmam Temple

This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first, and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Odisha up to the medieval period. Srikakulam has been a headquarters for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Srikakulam, Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.

Buddha statue in Nagavali river, Srikakulam

In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Odisha state was divided to Madras and Odisha and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state. Srikakulam was renamed as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district headquarters by some central leaders. On 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an eminent advocate, public prosecutor, and freedom fighter, to the then revenue minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area and requested to select Srikakulam as district headquarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in Srikakulam for selection.


As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 126,003. The total population constitute, 62,583 males and 63,420 females —a sex ratio of 1013 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3][7] 11,001 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 5,686 are boys and 5,315 are girls—a ratio of 935 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 85.13% (male 91.44%; female 78.95%) with 11,001 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][8]

The Urban agglomeration had a population of 147,015, of which males constitute 73,077, females constitute 73,911 —a sex ratio of 931 females per 1000 males and 12,741 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 115,061 literates with an average literacy rate of 85.71%.[4]


Civic administration

Srikakulam municipality was constituted in the year 1856. Its jurisdictional area has an extent of 20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi). The urban agglomeration constituents include Srikakulam municipality, census town of Balaga, fully out growths of Arasavalli, partly outgrowths of Kusulapuram, Thotapalem, Patrunivalasa and Patha Srikakulam (rural). While, Ponugutivalasa of Santhakavati mandal is now a part of Rajam Nagar Panchayat.[9]

In 2012-13, the total income generated per annum by the municipality was 50.55 crore (US$7.6 million) and the total expenditure spent during the same year was 49.86 crore (US$7.5 million).[2]


Srikakulam is a part of Srikakulam (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Gunda Lakshmi Devi is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[10] It is also a part of Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Rammohan Naidu Kinjarapu of Telugu Desam Party.[11][12]


Srikakulam Road- Railway Station
APSRTC Srikakulam Bus station entrance

NH 16 (formerly NH 5) gives a very good connectivity to Srikakulam on either sides of the town.


APSRTC bus station has two depots which provide service to almost all villages around the town. It has a very good connectivity to Visakhapatnam by non-stop services at every 10 minutes with a travel time of around 1 hour 50 minutes.

The nearest airport at Visakhapatnam is just 2 hours away by cab. Srikakulam Road railway station is just 15 minutes from the town by road.


Sculptures at Srikurmam Temple

The Temple of Sun God is located at Arasavalli, 2 kilometers away from the town is the only Sun God temple in Southern India and was constructed by a Kalinga dynasty king. Mukhalingam: Sri Mukhalingam is another temple in Srikakulam which is believed to have been built in the 9th century. This holy place is on the left bank of Vamsadhara. This is a group of three temples built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty kings in the 10th century AD. The deities are Mukhalingeswara, Bhimeswara and Someswara. Salihundam on the right bank of the river Vamsadhara, about 16 km from Srikakulam town, there are a number of Buddhist stupas and a huge monastic complex on a hillock. The shrine of a famous Sufi saint lies in Kalingapatnam is 35 km away from Srikakulam. Kalingapatnam also has an old lighthouse. From its top one can see the confluence of beautiful Vamsadhara River into the sea which is a nature beauty and popular tourist spot. Kurmanatha temple dedicated to Kurma Avatar (Tortoise) of Vishnu, in village Sri Kurmam. It is approximately 13 kilometers east of Srikakulam.

See also


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^

External links

  • Srikakulam District Collectorate
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.