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Sucheta Kriplani

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Title: Sucheta Kriplani  
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Subject: Chandra Bhanu Gupta, Environmental movement, Quit India Movement, Banarsi Das, Sampurnanand
Collection: 1908 Births, 1974 Deaths, 1St Lok Sabha Members, 2Nd Lok Sabha Members, 4Th Lok Sabha Members, Bengali Politicians, Brahmos, Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Gandhians, Indian Independence Activists, Indian Rebels, Indian Women Chief Ministers, Indian Women in War, Indraprastha College for Women Alumni, Lok Sabha Members from Delhi, Lok Sabha Members from Uttar Pradesh, Members of Constituent Assembly of India, People from Ambala, People from Kanpur, Quit India Movement, Relief Workers in Noakhali, University of Delhi Alumni, Uttar Pradesh Mlas 1962–67, Women in Uttar Pradesh Politics, Women in War 1900–1945
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Sucheta Kriplani

Sucheta Kriplani
Sucheta Kriplani
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967
Succeeded by Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Personal details
Born 25 June 1908
Ambala, Punjab, British India
Died 1 December 1974
Political party INC
Spouse(s) Acharya Kriplani

Sucheta Kriplani (Bengali: সুচেতা কৃপলানী, Hindi: सुचेता कृपलानी) (25 June 1908[1] – 1 December 1974[2][3]), born Sucheta Mazumdar, was an Indian freedom fighter and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and in an Indian state.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Freedom Movement and Independence 2
  • Post Independence 3
  • References 4

Early life

She was born in Ambala, Haryana to a Bengali family. 25 June 1908 – 1 December 1974. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and in an Indian state. Educated at Indraprastha College and St.Stephen's College, Delhi, she became a Professor of Constitutional History at Banaras Hindu University.[4] In 1936, she married socialist, Acharya Kriplani and became involved with the Indian National Congress.

Freedom Movement and Independence

she participated in Indian independence movement. She later worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the Partition riots. She was elected to the Constituent Assembly and was part of the subcommittee that drafted the Indian Constitution. She became a part of the subcommittee that was handed over the task of laying down the charter for the constitution of India. On 15 August 1947 she sang Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly.

Post Independence

After independence she involved with politics in Uttar Pradesh. She was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and 1957 from New Delhi constituency[5] and served as a Minister of State for Small Scale Industries. In 1962, she was elected to the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha from Kanpur and served in the Cabinet in 1962. In 1963, she became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the first woman to hold that position in any Indian state. The highlight of her tenure was the firm handling of a state employees strike. The first-ever strike by the state employees which continued for 62 days took place during her regime. She relented only when the employees' leaders agreed for compromise. Kriplani kept her reputation as a firm administrator by refusing their demand for pay hike. In 1967, she was elected to the 4th Lok Sabha from Gonda constituency in Uttar Pradesh.[6]

She retired from politics in 1971 and remained in seclusion till her death in 1974.

References

  1. ^ S K Sharma (2004), Eminent Indian Freedom Fighters, Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., p. 560,  
  2. ^ http://www.sandesh.org/Story_detail.asp?pageID=1&id=48
  3. ^ http://indiancoastguard.nic.in/indiancoastguard/history/morehistory.html
  4. ^ "Kripalani, Shrimati Sucheta". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  5. ^ http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/members/allmember1to12.aspx
  6. ^ 4th Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile
Political offices
Preceded by
Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967
Succeeded by
Chandra Bhanu Gupta
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