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Union Cabinet of India

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Union Cabinet of India

The Cabinet of India (officially called the Union Council of Ministers of India) is the collective decision-making body of the Government of India, consists of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory.

The Union Cabinet of the Government of India Indian general election, 2009 held in five phases in 2009: on 16 April, 22/23 April, 30 April, 7 and 13 May 2009. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2009 and led to the formation of the 15th Lok Sabha. Dr Manmohan Singh took oath as the 14th Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2009, followed by the oath-taking ceremonies of the present 'Council of Ministers' in two phases. Most of the cabinet functions from Cabinet Secretariat, at Secretariat Building, New Delhi.

Cabinet Secretary

The current Cabinet Secretary is Ajit Kumar Seth.[1]

The following are the functions of a Cabinet Secretary:[2]

  • Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers
  • Act as adviser and conscience keeper of the civil services
  • Handle chandr senior appointments
  • Preparation of the agenda of the Cabinet
  • Attend the meet
  • Ensure that the Cabinet decisions are implemented
  • Advise the Prime Minister
  • Act as the Chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration
  • Act as the Chairman of the Chief Secretaries Committee
  • Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises

In the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules, 1961, "Cabinet Secretariat" finds a place in the First Schedule to the Rules. The subjects allotted to this Secretariat are, firstly, secretarial assistance to Cabinet and Cabinet Committees, and secondly, the administration of the Rules of Business.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961 and the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/adhoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are also promoted.

The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President of India, the Vice-President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Departments by means of a monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of the various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Cabinet Secretariat has 3 wings: Civil, Military and Intelligence. The Civil wing is the main wing and provides aid, advise and assistance to the Union Cabinet. The Military wing provides secretarial assistance to the Defence Committee of the Cabinet, the Military Affairs Committee, the National Defence Council and other committees dealing with defence matters. The Intelligence wing deals with matters pertaining to the Joint Intelligence Committee of the Union Cabinet. The chief of Research and Analysis Wing R&AW also officially first reports to the Cabinet Secretary, and is officially designated Secretary R in the Cabinet Secretariat. The Cabinet Secretary is arguably India's most powerful bureaucrat and right hand of Prime Minister of India.

Council of Ministers

This is a list of current members of the Council of Ministers of the Government of India. All ministers are based in offices of their respective Union Ministries in New Delhi.

All Cabinet members are mandated by the constitution to be members of either House of the Parliament of India. In a departure from the norm the current Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, is a member of the upper house, the Rajya Sabha. He remained so for the duration of his entire first term (2004–2009) too. Most, but not all, previous Prime Ministers have been elected members of the Lok Sabha.[3]

There are three categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

  • Union Cabinet Minister – senior minister in-charge of a ministry. A cabinet minister may also hold additional charges of other Ministries, where no other Cabinet minister is appointed
  • Minister of State (Independent Charges) – with no overseeing Union cabinet minister for that portfolio
  • Minister of State (MoS) – junior minister with to overseeing cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry. For instance, an MoS in the Finance Ministry may only handle taxation.

Union Ministers

Portfolios Name
Atomic Energy Manmohan Singh
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Defence A. K. Antony
Agriculture Sharad Pawar 72 Finance P. Chidambaram 67 Sivaganga Congress Harvard University (M.B.A)
External Affairs Salman Khurshid 60 Farrukhabad Congress St Edmund Hall, Oxford
Home Affairs Sushilkumar Shinde 71 Solapur Congress
Communications and Information Technology Kapil Sibal 64 Chandni Chowk Congress
Law and Justice
Human Resource Development Pallam Raju 50 Kakinada Congress
Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Girija Vyas 67 Congress
Civil Aviation Ajit Singh 73 Baghpat RLD
Mines Dinsha Patel 75 Kheda Congress
Commerce and Industry Anand Sharma 60 Himachal Pradesh (Rajya Sabha) Congress
Textiles K. S. Rao 69 Eluru Congress
Petroleum and Natural Gas Veerappa Moily 73 Chikballapur Congress
Culture Chandresh Kumari 68 Jodhpur Congress
Water Resources Harish Rawat 65 Haridwar Congress
Rural development Jairam Ramesh 58 Andhra Pradesh (Rajya Sabha) Congress
Urban Development Kamal Nath 66 Chhindwara Congress
Parliamentary Affairs
Overseas Indian Affairs Vayalar Ravi 75 Kerala Congress
Health and Family Welfare Ghulam Nabi Azad 63 Jammu and Kashmir (Rajya Sabha) Congress
Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Praful Patel 55 Bhandara-Gondiya NCP
Labour and Employment Sis Ram Ola 86 Jhunjhunu Congress
New and Renewable Energy Farooq Abdullah 75 Srinagar JKN
Panchayati Raj Kishore Chandra Deo 65 Araku Congress
Tribal Affairs
Science and Technology Jaipal Reddy 71 Chevella Congress
Earth Sciences
Road Transport and Highways Oscar Fernandes 72 Karnataka (Rajya Sabha) Congress
Railways Mallikarjun Kharge 70 Gulbarga Congress
Shipping G. K. Vasan 65px 48 Tamil Nadu (Rajya Sabha) Congress
Social Justice and Empowerment Selja Kumari 50 Ambala Congress
Steel Beni Prasad Verma 71 Gonda Congress
Coal Shriprakash Jaiswal 68 Kanpur Congress
Minority Affairs K. Rahman Khan

73 Karnataka (Rajya Sabha)

Ministers of State (Independent Charges)

A 'Minister of State with independent charge' is a junior Minister in the Federal (State) or Central Government of India but is in charge of a ministry, unlike Minister of State who is also a junior Minister but assists a cabinet minister. All the following ministers are from the Indian National Congress.

Sl. No. Name Responsible Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Party Educational Qualification
1 Manish Tewari Information and Broadcasting 47 Lok Sabha (Ludhiana, Punjab) Congress
2 Chiranjeevi (Konidala Siva Sankara Vara Prasad) Tourism 58 Rajya Sabha (Andhra Pradesh) Congress B.Com from Y.N College, Narasapuram, AP
3 Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia Power 42 Lok Sabha (Guna, Madhya Pradesh) Congress M.A., M.B.A., Stanford University, U.S.A
4 Bharatsinh Madhavsinh Solanki Drinking Water and Sanitation 59 Lok Sabha (Anand, Gujarat) Congress B.E. (Civil)[4]
5 Jitendra Singh Youth Affairs and Sports 41 Lok Sabha (Alwar, Rajasthan) Congress B.Com[5]
6 Sachin Pilot Corporate Affairs 35 Lok Sabha (Ajmer, Rajasthan) Congress M.B.A. – Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
7 Krishna Tirath Women and Child Development 57 Lok Sabha (North West Delhi, Delhi) Congress M.A., B.Ed. (University of Delhi)[6]
8 K. V. Thomas Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution 66 Lok Sabha (Ernakulam, Kerala) Congress M.Sc.(Chemistry)[7]
9 Srikant Kumar Jena Statistics and Program Implementation and Chemicals and Fertilizers[8] 62 Lok Sabha (Balasore, Odisha) Congress B.A. Utkal University, Cuttack, Odisha[9]
10 Jayanthi Natarajan Environment and Forests 58 Rajya Sabha (Tamil Nadu) Congress B.A., B.L. Ethiraj College and Madras Law College[10]
11 Paban Singh Ghatowar Development of North Eastern Region, Parliamentary Affairs[8] 62 Lok Sabha (Dibrugarh, Assam) Congress B.A. Gauhati University, Guwahati[11]
12 K. H. Muniyappa Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 64 Lok Sabha (Kolar, Karnataka) Congress B.A., LL.B.[12]

Source: Council of Ministers[13]

Ministers of State

Sl. No. Name Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Party Educational Qualification
1 E. Ahamed External Affairs 74 Lok Sabha Malappuram, Kerala MUL B.A., B.L.[14]
2 Shashi Tharoor Human Resource Development 56 Lok Sabha Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala Congress St. Stephen's College, Delhi (B.A.)

Tufts University (M.A., M.A.L.D., Ph.D.)

3 Tariq Anwar Agriculture 61 Rajya Sabha, Maharastra NCP B.Sc.[15]
4 Mullappally Ramachandran Home Affairs 67 Lok Sabha Vadakara,Kerala Congress MA, LLB[16]
5 V. Narayanasamy Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Prime Minister Office 65 Lok Sabha Puducherry Congress B.A., M.L.[17]
6 Daggubati Purandeswari Commerce and Industry 53 Lok Sabha, Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh Congress BA[18]
7 Panabaka Lakshmi Textiles 54 Lok Sabha, Bapatla, Prakasam Dist,Andhra Pradesh Congress M.A.(Public Administration)[19]
8 Namo Narain Meena Finance 68 Lok Sabha, Tonk-Sawai Madhopur Congress M. A. (Geography)[20]
9 Jitin Prasada Human Resource Development and Defence 38 Lok Sabha Dhaurahra, Uttar Pradesh Congress M.B.A,[21]
10 Preneet Kaur External Affairs 68 Lok Sabha Patiala, Punjab Congress B.A., T.T.C.[22]
11 Tushar Amarsinh Chaudhary Road Transport and Highways 46 Lok Sabha, Bardoli Congress M.B.B.S[23]
12 Pratik Prakashbapu Patil Coal 39 Lok Sabha Sangli Congress Intermediate, Diploma in Automobile Engineering[24]
13 R. P. N. Singh Home Affairs 48 Lok Sabha Khushi Nagar Congress B.A. (Hons.) History[25]
14 Pradeep Jain Aditya Rural Development 50 Lok Sabha, Jhansi Congress M.A., M.Com., L.L.B.[26]
15 K. C. Venugopal Civil Aviation and Power 49 Lok Sabha Alappuzha, Kerala Congress M.Sc.(Mathematics)[27]
16 Charan Das Mahant Agriculture and Food Processing Industries 57 Lok Sabha Korba, Chhattisgarh Congress M.Sc., M.A., LL.B., PhD[28]
17 Milind Murli Deora Communications and Information Technology 35 Lok Sabha, Mumbai-South Congress BBA (Bachelor of Science in Business Administration)[29]
18 Rajeev Shukla Parliamentary Affairs and Planning 53 Rajya Sabha, Maharastra Congress M.A., LL.B.
19 Kodikunnil Suresh Labor and Employment 50 Lok Sabha Mavelikara,Kerala Congress LL.B [30]
20 K.J. Surya Prakash Reddy Railways 61 Lok Sabha Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh Congress B.A [31]
21 Ranee Narah Tribal Affairs 46 Lok Sabha Lakhimpur,Assam Congress B.A [32]
22 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Railways 56 Lok Sabha Berhampore, West Bengal Congress Under Matriculate [33]
23 Killi Krupa Rani Communications and Information Technology 46 Lok Sabha Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh Congress M.B.B.S [34]
24 Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury Health and Family Welfare 74 Lok Sabha Malda, West Bengal Congress Degree in Industrial Psychology (Northampton college,England),University of Guleph, Canada [35]
25 Sarvey Sathyanarayana, Road Transport and Highways 58 Lok Sabha Malkajgiri, Andhra Pradesh Congress B.A, LL.B
26 Ninong Ering Minority Affairs 53 Lok Sabha Arunachal East Congress B.A
27 Deepa Dasmunsi Urban Development 52 Lok Sabha Raiganj, West Bengal Congress M.A.(Dramatics)
28 Lal Chand Kataria Defence 44 Lok Sabha Jaipur Rural Congress Intermediate[36]
29 Porika Balram Naik Social Justice and Empowerment 48 Lok Sabha,Mahabubabad Congress B.A.[37]

New Ministers of State alongside old ones:[38]

  • Manikrao Hodlya Gavit, Social Justice and Empowerment
  • Santosh Chowdhary, Health & Family Welfare
  • Jesudasu Seelam becomes, Finance
  • E.M. Sudarsana Natchiappan, Commerce and Industry

Demographics of the Council of Ministers

UPA Cabinet by Party

Source: Various news organisations[39][40][41][42]
The new United Progressive Alliance (UPA) included 79 members, 78 members in the cabinet plus Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The first 20 cabinet ministers including Manmohan Singh, swore in on 22 May 2009, while the other 59 cabinet members swore in on 27 May 2009. The non-Congress cabinet ministers, include Sharad Pawar and Praful Patel from Nationalist Congress Party, Farooq Abdullah from National Conference and Chaudhary Ajit Singh from RLD.

Party # Cabinet Ministers # Ministers of State Total number of ministers
Indian National Congress 27 10 37
Nationalist Congress Party 2 1 3
Jammu and Kashmir National Conference 1 0 1
Rashtriya Lok Dal 1 0 1
Indian Union Muslim League 0 1 1
Total 32 44 76

United Progressive Alliance Cabinet by States


State # Cabinet Ministers # Ministers of State(I) # Ministers of State Total number of ministers
Maharashtra 2 3 5
Tamil Nadu 2 1 1 4
Andhra Pradesh 5 1 5 11
Kerala 2 1 5 8
Madhya Pradesh 1 1 2
Karnataka 3 1 4
Himachal Pradesh 1 1
Haryana 1 1
Odisha 1 1
Jammu and Kashmir 2 2
Punjab 1 1 1 3
Delhi 1 2 3
Rajasthan 2 4 6
West Bengal 3 3
Chhattisgarh 1 1
Gujarat 1 1 1 3
Puducherry 1 1
Uttar Pradesh 3 3 6
Jharkhand 1
Meghalaya 2 2
Uttarakhand 1 1
Assam 1 1 1 3
Chandigarh 1 1
Arunachal Pradesh
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Total 35 10 38 78

See also


External links

  • Council of
  • Council of Ministers–Official Portal of the Indian Government
  • Brief Profile of all members of the 15th Lok Sabha

Template:Cabinet of India

Template:Types of government minister

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