World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yosef Burg

Article Id: WHEBN0002333870
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yosef Burg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ariel Sharon, Yitzhak Rabin, Haim-Moshe Shapira, Shimon Peres, Eli Suissa
Collection: 1909 Births, 1999 Deaths, German Emigrants to Israel, German Jews, German Orthodox Rabbis, Hapoel Hamizrachi Politicians, Humboldt University of Berlin Alumni, Israeli Ministers of Health, Israeli Orthodox Rabbis, Israeli Party Leaders, Israeli People of German-Jewish Descent, Members of the 10Th Knesset (1981–84), Members of the 11Th Knesset (1984–88), Members of the 1St Knesset (1949–51), Members of the 2Nd Knesset (1951–55), Members of the 3Rd Knesset (1955–59), Members of the 4Th Knesset (1959–61), Members of the 5Th Knesset (1961–65), Members of the 6Th Knesset (1965–69), Members of the 7Th Knesset (1969–74), Members of the 8Th Knesset (1974–77), Members of the 9Th Knesset (1977–81), Members of the Knesset, Ministers of Health of Israel, Ministers of Internal Affairs of Israel, National Religious Party Politicians, People from Dresden, Religious Zionist Orthodox Rabbis, United Religious Front Politicians
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Yosef Burg

Yosef Burg
Date of birth 31 January 1909
Place of birth Dresden, Germany
Year of aliyah 1939
Date of death 15 October 1999(1999-10-15) (aged 90)
Place of death Jerusalem, Israel
Knessets 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Faction represented in Knesset
1949–1951 United Religious Front
1951–1956 Hapoel HaMizrachi
1956–1969 National Religious Party
1974–1988 National Religious Party
Ministerial roles
1951–1952 Minister of Health
1952–1958 Minister of Postal Services
1959–1970 Minister of Welfare
1970–1974 Minister of Internal Affairs
1974–1976 Minister of Internal Affairs
1975 Minister of Welfare
1977–1984 Minister of Internal Affairs
1981–1984 Minister of Religious Affairs
1984 Minister without Portfolio
1984–1986 Minister of Religious Affairs

Shlomo Yosef Burg (Hebrew: שלמה יוסף בורג‎, 31 January 1909 - 15 October 1999) was a German-born Israeli politician. In 1949, he was elected to the first Knesset, and served in many ministerial positions for the next 40 years. He was one of the founders of the National Religious Party.[1]


  • Biography 1
    • Political career 1.1
  • Legacy 2
  • References 3


Shlomo Yosef Burg was born in Dresden, Germany, on 31 January 1909.[2] He attended the Hildesheimer Rabbinical Seminary in Berlin from 1928 to 1938, and was ordained as a rabbi that year. He also studied at the University of Berlin from 1928 to 1931, and received a Doctorate in mathematics and logic from the University of Leipzig in 1933.[1][3]

While studying at the University of Leipzig, he joined the Young Mizrahi religious Zionist movement. He arranged Jewish prayer services in private homes after German synagogues were burned, and worked underground to help Jews escape to Britain and the Netherlands. His mother and grandmother died in Nazi concentration camps.[1]

In 1939, he immigrated to Mandate Palestine. He worked as teacher at the Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium in Tel Aviv before moving to Jerusalem.[4] There he become a research fellow at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Burg lived in the Rehavia neighborhood of Jerusalem.

Burg was married to Rivka Slonim, who was born in Hebron and survived the 1929 Hebron massacre. They had a son, Avraham, a politician[5] who served as speaker of the fifteenth Knesset, and a daughter, Ada, a doctor.

Burg died on 15 October 1999 at the age of 90 at the Sha'arei Tzedek Medical Center.[5]

Political career

In Palestine, Burg joined Hapoel HaMizrachi, a religious-Zionist party. Alongside three other religious parties, Hapoel HaMizrachi ran on a joint list called the United Religious Front for the first Knesset elections in 1949. The group won 16 seats and Burg took a seat in the Knesset, becoming deputy speaker.

In the 1951 elections the party ran by itself, winning eight seats. Burg remained in the Knesset and became minister of health in the third government. In the fourth, fifth and sixth governments he served as minister of postal services, a position he retained until 1958.

In 1956 Hapoel HaMizrachi merged with their ideological twins from the Mizrachi party to form the National Religious Party (NRP). The party was a member of all governments until 1992. In 1977, he became the president of the World Mizrachi Movement. As a key party member, Burg maintained a ministerial position in every Knesset until his resignation from the Knesset and retirement from politics in 1986,[5] holding the positions of minister of welfare, minister of internal affairs, minister without portfolio and minister of religious affairs.

Burg was famous for his erudite wit. Journalists dubbed his appearances in parliament "Burgtheater," after the famous playhouse in Vienna.[1]


According to Shimon Peres, Burg's most important legacy was trying to bridge the gulf between religious and secular Jews: "He was a religious man but he believed in compromise."[1] Ehud Barak said Burg took the path of moderation and tolerance, and showed a love for Jewish tradition.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Yosef Burg; Israeli Founding Father". Los Angeles Times. 16 October 1999. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Members". Knesset. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Yosef Burg". The State of Israel. Retrieved 29 July 2005. 
  4. ^ Ronit Vered (3 December 2010). "Salad days". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Israeli Statesman Yosef Burg, 90". Chicago Tribune (Jerusalem). 16 October 1999. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.